Nutrition is a key priority within the focus on food security
Food security is a key priority for the Netherlands. According to government data, €348 million (US$ 462 million) will be allocated to this area in 2017. Eliminating hunger and malnutrition is one of the three priorities of the Netherlands’ overall strategy for food security. A particular focus within this priority is the nutritional status of adolescents, particularly of girls of reproductive age, given the importance of nutrition during pregnancy. Therefore, reproductive health and gender aspects have been integrated into food security programs.
Focus countries for Dutch bilateral cooperation on food security in 2017 are: Burundi, the Palestinian Territories, Rwanda, South Sudan, Bangladesh, Benin, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Kenya, Mozambique, and Uganda.
Key commitments by the Netherlands include a pledge of €300 million (USD$390 million) to the Nutrition for Growth Initiative (2013-2020), with funds equally divided between nutrition-sensitive and nutrition-specific interventions.
Interventions that address immediate causes of undernutrition and have the improvement of nutrition (i.e., support for exclusive breastfeeding, supplementary feeding, etc.) as their primary objective.
Interventions that address underlying causes of malnutrition and that take into account cross-sector actions and impacts (i.e., improving access to diverse foods).
The Netherlands implements a multi-stakeholder approach within ODA combining government, civil society, the private sector, and knowledge institutes. This public-private partnership (PPP) approach is also known as the “Dutch Diamond”. The main PPP within the field of nutrition is the Amsterdam Initiative against Malnutrition (AIM). Their aim is to leverage the experience of Dutch companies in the food and nutrition industries across all stages of the food value chain to ensure sustainable improvements in nutrition in Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia, and South Africa. The Dutch government and AIM partners both contribute €11 million to the initiative (total budget €22 million for 2014-2018).
The Directorate of Inclusive Green Growth (IGG) is responsible for policies related to food security
Within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Directorate-General for International Cooperation (DGIS) is responsible for designing and coordinating the implementation of Dutch development policy. Within DGIS, the Directorate of Inclusive Green Growth (IGG) focuses on policies related to food security, climate, water, energy, and natural resources. The directorate includes a specific thematic cluster on food security.