Germany hosted this year’s G20 leaders’ Summit in Hamburg from July 7 to July 8, 2017. The heads of the 19 G20 nations, along with the leaders of the EU, discussed topics covering trade, climate, terrorism, security, immigration, health, Africa, and education. A declaration released on July 10, 2017, details the consensus reached. It also reveals how agreement in some areas, such as terrorism and health, was far-reaching, while in others, such as climate change and international trade, it was more limited.
Highlights across topics include:
- focused on the coordinating role of the WHO
- emphasized the importance of investments in health-systems strengthening
- recognized the need to eradicate polio and fight antimicrobial resistance
- underlined the necessity of sufficient funding for health emergencies and preparedness
- declared willingness to invest more in global health R&D.
Focus on Africa:
- launched the G20 Africa Partnership, which seeks to fight poverty and promote economic development through support of infrastructure, education, capacity-building, and investment frameworks
- adopted Germany’s Compacts with Africa as a tool to foster private investments in African countries that show willingness to reform governance.
- launched G20 Initiative for Rural Youth Employment, which has a particular focus on Africa and commits to helping creating up to 1.1 million new jobs benefitting young people by 2022, including through strengthening support to the Global Agriculture and Food Security Program (GAFSP)
- committed to increase support for innovative, employment-oriented skills development programs for at least 5 million young people over the next five years, with particular attention to rural areas.
- emphasized the importance of vocational training and e-skills, especially for women
- introduced a new ‘International Finance Facility’ for education.
- no agreement met on a joint position due to the US’ decision to leave the Paris Agreement
- the other 19 members, excluding the US, committed to implement the nationally-set climate goals, as outlined in the Paris Agreement, as soon as possible
- they also recognized, in an annex on energy and climate finance, the need to significantly increase funding to climate change mitigation and adaptation.
Declaration - G20
News article - Deutsche Welle