National Geographic has named the Ebola vaccine one of the decade's 20 most important scientific achievements. Testing of the Ebola vaccine was initiated in response to the major 2014-2016 Ebola outbreak in West Africa which swept the region, taking 11,300 lives.
At that time, the vaccine had already been researched, but had not been tested on humans. In 2015, Norway was leading the testing of the vaccine in the field, and many lives were saved. John-Arne Røttingen, managing director of the Research Council of Norway, led the work and the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs was among the first to fund the project. The project was a collaboration between governments and private foundations.