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France Donor Profile

Last updated: March 2017.

KEY QUESTIONS

the big six

How will French ODA develop?

  • France will significantly scale up its development assistance over the coming years. By 2020, France plans to provide an additional €4 billion per year as loans through the French Development Agency (AFD) and an extra €400 million per year as grants. Half of the €4-billion increase will be allocated to programs related to climate change, strengthening France’s engagement in environmental issues.
  • Extra-budgetary allocations to ODA are set to increase even further: The budget for 2017 foresees an extension of the scope of the financial transaction tax (FTT) to ‘intraday’ transactions, starting from 2018. The FTT continues to increase its funding to French ODA: in 2014, €100 million of the FTT was allocated to ODA rising to an estimated €798 million in 2017.

What will France’s ODA focus on?

  • Security concerns are strongly shaping political debates in France around its international activities. The fight against terrorism is a top priority of French foreign and security policy. France also increasingly uses development programs to contribute to political and economic stability, particularly in the Sahel region. From 2017 onwards, France will allocate €100 million per year to a facility for alleviating vulnerability and responding to crises, managed by the AFD. The facility will target countries in crisis, post-crisis, or otherwise vulnerable situations.
  • Tackling climate change and its impact will also be a major focus of France’s development policy in the coming years. The French government will strongly increase funding for development programs related to climate-change issues, including for related areas such as agriculture and sanitation. This includes €2 billion of the €4-billion increase in ODA loans, to be allocated to programs related to climate change. In addition, €2 billion will benefit renewable energy projects in Africa between 2016 and 2020.
  • Health will remain an important focus of France’s multilateral engagement: In September 2016, France announced at the Fifth Replenishment Conference of the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (Global Fund) in Montreal that it will maintain its high level of contributions to the Global Fund, amounting to €1.1 billion between 2017 and 2019.

What are key opportunities for shaping France’s development policy?

  • The presidential and legislative elections in April/May 2017 will be key for the future of France’s development policy. Security issues remain strategically important and occupy an important place in the 2017 presidential campaigns. While it is difficult to place development issues high on the campaign agenda, policy debates around the elections provide an opportunity to emphasize that development programs help to promote peace by addressing the fundamentals of stability.

DEEP DIVES

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POLICY UPDATES

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  • France publishes 2016-2020 roadmap for nutrition

    Aiming to increase its interventions for nutrition, France published its 2016-2020 roadmap for action in the area of nutrition assistance, ‘Improving nutrition for vulnerable populations’. The roadmap identifies five main guidelines: 1) integrate nutrition in programs implemented by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MAE), 2) contribute to better consideration of nutrition-related issues in partner countries, 3) contribute to strengthened international and European mobilization for nutrition, 4) contribute to research and knowledge development on nutrition, and 5) contribute to education around nutrition.

    The French government has chosen to prioritize eight countries for these actions: Burkina Faso, Cameroun, Laos, Madagascar, Mali, Niger, the Central African Republic, and Chad.

    Nutrition roadmap – French MAE [in French]

  • France's MAE publishes first policy paper on partnership with civil society

    French Minister of Foreign Affairs Jean-Marc Ayrault has announced the release of a document that outlines strategic orientations for partnership between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development (MAE) and civil society. The strategic document, the first such policy paper for France, was drafted and published by the MAE following a request from the Interministerial Committee for International Cooperation and Development (CICID).

    The document identifies seven ways to strengthen cooperation between the MAE and civil society organizations (CSOs): 1) financially support CSOs’ initiatives, 2) foster better understanding between the MAE and civil society, 3) support capacity strengthening for CSOs, 4) foster exchanges with regard to knowledge and 'know-how', 5) contribute to more efficiency, 6) value CSOs’ work within the MAE’s interventions, and 7) better acknowledge CSOs’ expertise within multilateral organizations. The implementation of guidelines listed in the document will be coordinated within the different departments of the MAE by the Ministry's division for relations with civil society and partnerships.

    Communiqué – French MAE
    Strategic Document – MAE, in French

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