Spain Donor Profile

Last updated: March 2017.


the big six

How will Spain’s ODA develop?

  • Spain’s ODA is expected to increase as the economy recovers. The Congress’ Development Committee approved a resolution in November 2016 for Spain’s ODA to reach 0.40% of its GNI by 2020.
  • Spain is likely to increase its use of ODA loans and equity investments in coming years. This is related to Spain’s strong focus on middle-income countries (MICs), with which it currently seeks to establish new models of development cooperation.

What will Spain’s ODA focus on?

  • To increase the effectiveness of its development assistance, Spain reduced its number of priority countries from 50 in 2013 to 23 by the end of 2016; almost all of the 23 priority countries are located in three regions: Latin America (12), sub-Saharan Africa (6) and the Middle East and North Africa region (4).
  • Funding to sub-Saharan Africa is expected to grow as Spain will move away from financing Latin America and middle-income countries (MICs), thereby freeing up resources in the form of new grants multilateral funding arrangements.
  • Spain has developed strong capacities to cooperate with MICs: it is focusing on innovative development modalities (e.g., triangular partnerships, blended finance) to adapt to its traditional partner countries’ needs. This focus on MICs is also driven by the will to align Spain’s foreign policy, including ODA, with its economic interests.

What are key opportunities for shaping Spain’s development policy?

  • Under Spain’s current minority government, Parliament is now in a key, strategic position to influence the government’s decision-making and the budget, including for ODA. Given Parliament’s demonstrated commitment to ODA, this represents an opportunity to advocate to members of Parliament for increased ODA funding and influence allocations.
  • The new government of Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy, in place since November 2016, has led to a change in political leadership at Spain’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation (MAEC). This may also lead to shifts in priorities, and provides an opportunity to shape Spain’s development cooperation going forward.
  • New Master Plan for Spanish Cooperation 2017-2020 is currently being drafted by MAEC and will outline strategic development and financing priorities for the coming years.





  • Spain’s finance minister set to approve 2017 budget draft

    The Minister of Finance and Public Function, Cristóbal Montoro, has confirmed that the Spanish government will present the 2017 budget bill on 31 March. Parliament will discuss and approve the new budget in the coming two to three months. During this time, parliamentary groups will be able to influence the ODA budget and specific funding allocations. The current parliament has called for significant ODA increases, as well as for Spain to channel more resources into humanitarian emergencies and multilateral organizations.

    Newspaper article - El País

  • MAEC publishes assessment report of Spain’s development policy

    The Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation (MAEC) has published an assessment report reviewing the strengths and weaknesses of Spain’s development policy from 2011 to 2016. According to the report, the number of priority sectors and recipient countries has been reduced in order to achieve a more effective development policy. Spain has also worked to improve transparency and access to information. Moving forward, the report recommends that clear criteria be established for Spain’s multilateral disbursements, and that more resources be focused on the selection and training of human resources involved in development policy.

    Press release- Cooperación Española

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