The social-democratic Spanish Socialist Workers Party (PSOE) of Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez has won the general election held in Spain on November 10, 2019, with 28% of the vote and 120 seats in the Congress of Deputies.
Despite winning 32 more seats than the conservative Popular Party (PP), the second runner-up, the PSOE is still far below the majority (176 seats) and will need to seek parliamentary support from other political parties in order to form a new government. PSOE also won the last general election on April 28, 2019, but was unable to reach any governing agreement, resulting in the latest November 10 election.
Support for the conservative PP and the far-right, xenophobic Vox parties have grown exponentially, increasing from 66 to 88 seats, and from 24 to 52 seats respectively. Most of these votes came at the expense of the center-right Ciudadanos party, which has plummetted from 57 to 10 seats. PSOE lost three seats and the left-wing Podemos party lost seven since April.
Another notable election outcome is stark vote fragmentation; up to 16 political parties will be represented in the Spanish parliament and 10 of these, with 42 seats in total, are regional parties. Prime Minister Sánchez must again attempt to form a new government. If he fails, Spain will e launched into another election cycle.
News article – El País