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ONE calls on France to increase Global Fund commitment by 30%

On September 7, 2022, ahead of the seventh replenishment of the Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (Global Fund), ONE France called on President Emmanuel Macron to increase France's financial commitment by 30% for the next three years (2023-2025).

ONE stressed the necessity of government action in a video on social networks. The short film highlighted the Global Fund's goal to save 20 million lives with funds from the upcoming replenishment.

The increase US$390 million increase for the Global Fund cycle would result in a total donation of US$1.7 billion.

Twitter - ONE France

France to drastically increase development budget by US$874 million

During the annual conference of French ambassadors held in Paris on September 2, 2022, Catherine Colonna, Minister for European and Foreign Affairs announced that France's ODA will increase by €860 million (US$874 million) in 2023, in line with ambitions to reach the 0.7% ODA/GNI target by 2025.

The amount will be proposed to the Parliament, which will debate the budget law until December.

France's development policy will be supported by Secretary of State for Development, Francophonie and International Partnerships Chrysoula Zacharopoulou. According to Colonna, France's development priorities will be discussed and possibly adapted by the president and prime minister in a forthcoming Presidential Council for Development meeting, followed by a meeting of the Interministerial Committee for International Cooperation and Development (CICID) session at the beginning of 2023.

Speech - Ministry for European and Foreign Affairs

France's Macron pledges development assistance increase during second term

At the annual gathering of French ambassadors on September 1, 2022, President Emmanuel Macron delivered a speech in which he pledged to increase France's development assistance during his second term (2022-2027).

This increase will follow the financial trajectory adopted in the 2021 Law on Inclusive Development, which set an ODA spending target of 0.7% GNI by 2025.

On global health, President Macron highlighted the importance of reinforcing the role and independence of the World Health Organization (WHO) and its One Health approach. Macron also asserted that strengthening the local production of vaccines, treatments, and diagnostics should be considered a priority.

In addition, Macron declared France will continue to modernize its development policy through a practice of "solidarity investments," composed of partnerships with multilateral organizations, countries, companies, and CSOs in addition to mobilizing development banks through the Finance in Common initiative led by the French Development Agency (AFD). 

Speech - French Presidency (in French)

20 countries launch global coalition to stop plastic pollution by 2040

The 'High Ambition Coalition to Stop Plastic Pollution,' a group of like-minded countries that have taken the initiative to form a coalition committed to developing a legally binding global agreement against plastic pollution, launched on August 22, 2022; the coalition aims to end oceanic plastic pollution by 2040.

Every year, between 5 -12 million tonnes of plastic waste end up in the oceans, contributing to environmental degradation and increasing microplastics in water. Without effective measures, oceanic plastic pollution is expected to triple by 2040.

The coalition, chaired by Norway and Rwanda, currently has 20 members including Canada, Peru, Germany, Senegal, Georgia, South Korea, UK, Switzerland, Portugal, Chile, Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Costa Rica, Iceland, Ecuador, France, and the Dominican Republic.

The US, China, and India - the world's largest plastic producers - and other large producers are noticeably absent from the coalition. 

Members of the coalition will meet in New York at the upcoming UN General Assembly in September 2022, followed by a formal meeting in Uruguay on November 28, 2022.

Website - High Ambition to End Plastic Pollution

Government of Sweden - Press Release (in Swedish)

News article - Argus

France, WFP launch solidarity mechanism to tackle global food price crisis

As part of the FARM (Food and Agricultural Resilience Mission) European initiative, France and the World Food Programme (WFP) launched a new program aimed at supporting countries worst hit by the global food crisis through an increase in agricultural production and through the stabilization of food prices.

This program, or ‘solidarity mechanism’, intends to offer a platform in which the private sector could play a major role by providing food commodities, supply chain solutions, and agricultural inputs at lower costs to the World Food Programme, while mobilizing other actors, such as the Food Agricultural Organization (FAO), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), Global Business for Food Security (GFS) coalition, and the UN Global Crisis Response Group (UN GCRG).

Press release - French Presidency (in French)

Press release - World Food Programme 

France increases ODA channeled through CSOs

According to the French INGO platform Coordination SUD, the volume of French foreign assistance allocated to national and international civil society organizations (CSOs) increased by 8% between 2020 and 2021, amounting to €574 million (US$589 million) in 2021 compared to €532 million (US$562 million) in 2020.

This trend is consistent with the planned increase adopted in 2018 during the last Interministerial International Cooperation and Development Committee (CICID), which aims to allocate €620 million (US$655 million) to CSOs in 2022.

Coordination SUD welcomed this move and reiterated that the recent development law defined a new target - 15% of France's ODA should be allocated to CSOs by 2025. According to Coordination SUD, only 7% of France's ODA is currently channeled through CSOs.

Press release - Coordination SUD (in French)

200 public figures call on France, EU to increase Global Fund contributions

In an op-ed published in the weekly newspaper Le Journal du Dimanche (JDD), 200 public figures and celebrities, including tennis player Yannick Noah, Najat Vallaud-Belkacem, ONE France Director, Nobel Prize Laureate and President of Sidaction, Françoise Barré-Sinoussi and activists from the African continent and international NGOs called on governments, especially the European Commission and France, to drastically increase their contributions to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria ahead of its seventh replenishment, which will take place in September 2022 in New York.

According to the signatories of the call, 38 million people live with HIV and 700,000 died in 2020. Malaria is still endemic in 87 countries and tuberculosis, the second-most active infectious disease after COVID-19, caused 1.5 million deaths in 2020.

Op-ed - Le Journal du Dimanche (in French)

Publish What You Fund releases 2022 Aid Transparency Index

Publish What You Fund released its 2022 Aid Transparency Index, which measures the transparency of key bilateral and multilateral international development organizations. Overall, the project found that donors maintained transparency near pre-COVID-19 pandemic levels; 31 of the 50 evaluated organizations scored in the ‘good’ or ‘very good’ categories, meaning they consistently publish high-quality data on development assistance disbursements. 50 donors were evaluated out of 100 points and ranked accordingly.  

Australia: The index showed that Australia's ODA transparency has continued to deteriorate. The Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) ranked 41 of the 50 donor organizations, a continuance of their declining trend. The agency remained in the ‘fair’ category but lost 10 points on the transparency index. DFAT was 34 of 47 in 2020 and 23 of 45 in 2018. This decline in transparency occurred under the previous Australian government. The recently elected Labor government has committed to improving accountability and transparency in the development sector. 

Canada: Global Affairs Canada (GAC) dropped from the ‘very good’ category in 2020 to ‘good’ in 2022, losing nearly 10 points in Publish What You Fund’s ranking system and ranking 17th overall in 2022, showing a concerning decrease in transparency amidst the COVID-19 pandemic.  

EU: The report evaluated the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO), European Investment Bank (EIB), Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations (NEAR), and the Directorate-General for International Partnerships (INTPA; formerly DEVCO).  

The European Commission’s (EC) ECHO scored ‘good’ overall and ranked 13th among evaluated donors, improving by nearly nine points compared to the 2020 index. The EC’s INTPA scored 15th among evaluated donors and ranked in the ‘good’ category, but declined by 4 points in transparency from 2020. The EBRD’s sovereign portfolio ranked 24th among donors and scored in the ‘good’ category, declining by 3 points since 2020. The non-sovereign portfolio was also placed in the ‘good' category, but ranked 31st among donors. The EC’s NEAR ranked in the ‘good’ category, as it did in 2020, but declined significantly in transparency, dropping nearly 15 points. The EIB’s sovereign portfolio ranked 33rd among donors and remained in the ‘fair’ category, as it was in 2020; the portfolio also lost 3 points in transparency compared to 2020. The EIB’s non-sovereign portfolio also stood in the ‘fair’ category, ranking 37th among donors.  

France: The French Development Agency (AFD) ranked 28th among donors and sat in the ‘good’ category. The agency improved by five points compared to 2020 and jumped up from ‘fair.’  

Germany: Germany’s Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ) scored ‘good’ overall and ranked 11th among evaluated donors, improving by seven points compared to the 2020 index. Germany’s Federal Foreign Office (FFO), on the other hand, ranked 43rd among donors with only 37 of 100 transparency points. 

Italy: The Italian Development Cooperation Agency (AICS) has gradually improved its performance since 2017. In 2020, AICS was placed in the ‘fair’ category, but the agency improved by 5 points, ranking 34th overall in 2022.   

Japan: The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) dropped the most out of the evaluated agencies – by 26 points – sliding from ‘fair’ to ‘poor’ in 2022 and ranking just 47th out of 50 donors evaluated.  

Netherlands: The Netherlands’ Ministry for Foreign Affairs (MFA) declined by 4 points from 2020, but remained in the ‘good’ category, ranking 23rd overall.  

Norway: Norway’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) dropped from ‘fair’ in 2020 to ‘poor’ in 2022, losing seven points.  

South Korea: South Korea’s Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA) scored ‘good’ overall and ranked 14th among evaluated donors, improving by seven points compared to the 2020 index. 

Spain: The Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID) ranked 42nd among donors, losing nearly 17 points since 2020 and remaining in the ‘fair’ category.  

Sweden: The Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) ranked 21st among donors, improving by 4 points since 2022 and sitting in the ‘good’ category. 

United Kingdom: The report found the transparency of the Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO) has declined.  According to the index’s ranking, the FCDO fell from 9th place in 2020 to 16th in 2022; no UK agency scored in the 'very good' category for the first time since the Index was launched in 2012. The FCDO and the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) sat in the ‘good’ category. The FCDO has underperformed compared to the former Department for International Development (2020) across all five Index components; this is largely the result of a lack of organizational and country strategies and inconsistent release of results, evaluations, and objectives.

United States: The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) ranked 25th among donors and was placed in the ‘good’ category; however, the agency lost nearly 12 points and declined significantly in transparency since 2020. The US State Department ranked 32nd among donors, losing 5 points since 2020 and dropping out of the ‘good’ category to ‘fair.’  

The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), an independent US government agency, scored in the ‘very good’ category and ranked 5th among donors. The US President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) jumped from ‘fair’ to ‘good’ in 2022, improving by nearly 9 points and ranking 20th among donors.  

Recommendations for all donors included:  

  • Publishing more project budgets to facilitate planning and coordination;  
  • Implementing government entity references and developing referencing approaches for the private sector to track assistance flows;  
  • For Development Finance Institutions (DFIs), improving non-sovereign portfolio data;  
  • Publishing comprehensive data on project impact metrics; and 
  • Publishing budget documents, project procurement information, and impact appraisals.  

Report - Publish What You Fund 

News article – BOND  

News article - The Telegraph 

News article - National Tribune 

Oxfam criticizes G7 for falling short of COVID-19 vaccine pledges; timely delivery could have prevented 600,000 deaths

New analysis by Oxfam Canada and the People’s Vaccine Alliance found that only 49% of the 2.1 billion COVID-19 donations promised by the G7 to low- and middle-income countries have been delivered;  Oxfam called out the UK and Canada as the worst offenders.

The analysis showed that, had the missing donated doses been shared, they could have saved almost 600,000 lives in low- and middle-income countries, equivalent to one death every minute. Oxfam criticizes Canada and the UK as the worst performers, having failed to deliver anywhere near the number of vaccines they promised. The G7's contributions are as follows: 

  • Only 39% of the 100 million doses the UK pledged to deliver by the end of June 2022 were delivered;
  • While the deadlines to meet their respective commitments are the end of 2022, only 30% of Canada’s over 50 million pledged doses, and 46% of the US's 1.2 billion pledged doses have been delivered;
  • France, Italy, and Germany have collectively delivered just 56% of 700 million promised doses by the middle of 2022; and
  • Japan has delivered 64% of the 60 million doses it promised to contribute.

Op-ed - Oxfam Canada

Action Against Hunger calls on G7 to tackle food crisis

Ahead of the G7 Leaders' Summit under the German G7 Presidency, Action Against Hunger launched a call to action urging G7 leaders to combat the structural causes of hunger.

The NGO emphasized that 2.37 billion people currently suffer from severe or moderate food insecurity; 811 million of those affected suffer from hunger.

In a public statement, Action Against Hunger called on French President Emmanuel Macron, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson, Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi, US President Joe Biden, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, and Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida to take three immediate actions to address the intensifying global food crisis:

  1. Discontinue the use of hunger as a weapon of war and ensure access to humanitarian assistance in all conflict zones;
  2. Develop and support universal and feminist social protection schemes within global food architecture; and
  3. Support the development of food sovereignty and the transformation of food systems to make them more sustainable, resilient, localized, healthy, and fair.

Press release - Action Against Hunger (in French)

NGOs call on France to increase contribution to Global Fund by 30%

French NGOs called on France to increase its financial support to the Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (Global Fund), which hopes to mobilize at least US$18 billion for the next three years to save an estimated 20 million lives, build strong health systems, and prepare the response to future pandemics ahead of its seventh replenishment conference.

In a joint statement, Action Santé Mondiale, Friends of the Global Fund Europe, Equipop, Sidaction, and Solidarité Sida, called on France, the Global Fund's second-largest donor, to increase its financial contribution to the Global fund by 30%, which corresponds to the organization's ability to tackle its three key focus areas.

Press release - Action Santé Mondiale (in French)

France's Macron outlines vision for WHO at World Health Assembly

At the opening of the World Health Assembly, French President Emmanuel Macron recalled France's commitment to strengthening health systems, training health professionals, providing access to vaccines, and supporting the future international treaty on pandemics.

Macron confirmed that France will have donated 120 million COVID-19 vaccines by the end of June 2022, as planned, and mentioned the recent €100 million (US$107 million) pledge to Covax made during the Second Global COVID-⁠19 Summit organized by the US, Germany, Belize, Indonesia, and Senegal on May 12, 2022.

Macron indicated that he opposed the creation of a new instrument for preparation for future pandemics, preferring to better organize the division of labor within existing international organizations such as the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria and bilateral support, while focusing on health system strengthening. He also announced the World Health Organization (WHO) Academy will open in 2024 in Lyon to help train health professionals from all over the world.

Speech - French Presidency (in French)

G7 health ministers agree on Pact for Pandemic Readiness

On May 19 and 20, 2022, the G7 health ministers met in Berlin to discuss and address global health challenges, especially related to COVID-19 and reacting to future pandemics. One of the key results of the meeting includes the initiation of a 'G7-Pact for Pandemic Readiness'.

The 'G7-Pact for Pandemic Readiness', a global network of health experts, aims to strengthen and align efforts for worldwide pandemic readiness. It will work in close cooperation with the World Health Organization (WHO). To strengthen its role, the G7 states agreed to increase their mandatory contributions to the WHO by 50% in the long term. The Pact aims to support local, national, and regional structures, technologies, and health workforce to improve public health risk assessment and rapid response to pandemic threats.

Additional topics during the ministers’ meeting included support for the Ukrainian health system, fighting anti-microbial resistance, and the climate-health-nexus.

G7 Health Ministers’ Meeting Communiqué

Press release – German Federal Ministry of Health (in German)

News article – Relief Web

G7 development ministers launch Global Alliance on Food Security

On May 18 and 19, 2022, the development ministers from the G7 states met in Berlin to discuss current challenges and potential solutions within the global development space. The ministers focused on the impact of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, especially on global food security, among other things. The meeting marked the launch of a Global Alliance on Food Security to increase funding for and coordination of international efforts for food security.

The Global Alliance on Food Security was proposed by the German Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development Svenja Schulze and World Bank President David Malpass during the World Bank’s Spring Meeting from April 18 - 24, 2022.

The Global Alliance on Food Security has been supported by the G7 states, the EU Commission, the UN Global Crisis Response Group, Norway, Denmark, the African Union, the World Food Programme, and the International Fund for Agricultural Development so far, but is open for participation from the private sector and CSOs, according to Schulze.

Additional topics at the meeting included gender equality, climate change, sustainable infrastructure, and debt burdens. Part of the meeting included a joint discussion with the G7 health ministers, who met in Berlin on May 19 and 20, 2022, to discuss strengthening pandemic preparedness and global health systems.

G7 Development Ministers’ Meeting Communiqué

Press release – German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development 

Press release – ONE (in German)

Despite falling short of expectations, Second Global COVID-19 Summit mobilizes US$3.2 billion in new pledges, establishes new World Bank fund

Global leaders pledged an additional US$3.2 billion in new and additional funding during the second Global COVID-19 Summit, which took place virtually on May 12, 2022. The meeting included commitments related to COVID-19 Vaccines Global Access (COVAX), Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI), and the Access to COVID-19 Tools Accelerator (ACT-A) in addition to licensing, reducing the price of oral antiretrovirals, and the creation of a fund to prevent future pandemics to be housed within the World Bank.

A country-by-country breakdown can be found in our recent Commentary

Coalition Plus calls on governments to increase Global Fund contributions

In an op-ed published on Komitid, Coalition Plus, an international network of AIDS NGOs called governments to increase their financial contribution to the Global Fund to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria by at least 30%. 

President of Coalition Plus Hakima Himmich highlighted that the Global Fund's financial target for its next replenishment constitutes a 30% increase compared to its last cycle. However, mobilizing US$18 billion for the 2024-2026 period will only cover 14% of the resources needed to fill the gap in the fight against AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria due to the COVID-19 pandemic. 

Himmich also thanked the Presidents of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, and Senegal for their personal commitment to a successful replenishment; she additionally called on them to maintain their leadership in the space and advocate to their counterparts for the mobilization of domestic resources that should represent 45% of the needs to tackle the AIDS pandemic during the same period. 

While recognizing the added value of the Global Fund, Himmich also called on the organization to better include vulnerable communities in the definition, coordination, and execution of their funded projects. 

Op-ed: Komitid (in French)

African and European Civil Society Days address AU-EU relationship, CSO participation

Coordination SUD, the French national NGO platform, along with CONCORD and FORUS International organized the African and European Civil Society Days (Journées Sociétés Civiles Africaines et Européennes) from May 6 - 7, 2022, .

This event which took place under the French Presidency of the EU Council's umbrella, and in the follow-up to the sixth African and European Heads of State Summit, gathered 150 representatives from civil society, the agricultural sector, the feminist community, youth and human rights organizations, decision-makers, and academics from the two continents. 

The meetings sought to renew the partnership between the African Union and the European Union in order to refine the role of CSOs.

Press release - Coordination SUD (in French)

Global health labor market in jeopardy; predicted shortage of 18 million health workers in low-income countries by 2030

In a follow-up to G7 discussions, French think tank Santé Mondiale 2030 published a report entitled: 'Human Resources for Health in a Globalized World', which highlights the need for human resources to build resilient health systems.

Agnès Soucat, from the French Development Agency (AFD), Louis Pizarro from UNITAID, and former head of the Global Fund to fight Aids, Tuberculosis and Malaria, Michel Kazatchkine, highlighted the need for the G7 to focus on human resources for health to support universal health coverage (UHC) and reach the sustainable development goals (SDGs). Currently, supply and demand in the health labor market are unbalanced, resulting in challenges to expanding the labor supply and financing and regulating the health labor market. 

According to the authors, the COVID-19 health crisis made the weaknesses of global health systems more visible, demonstrating the extent to which the world is unprepared to face a global pandemic.

The report emphasized that the demand for health workers is rapidly growing; some projections predict a shortage of 18 million health workers in low- and middle-income countries by 2030. The report recommended developing a global human resource for health agenda that is "over and beyond development aid" within the G7 framework, which would providde financial and non-financial incentives to train new health workers, increase development assistance for frontline services, and develop new "North-South" partnerships for health worker training.

Report - Human Resources for Health in a Globalized World

France increases its contribution to the Global Environment Fund by 40%

During the 8th replenishment of the Global Environment Fund (GEF), one of the financial instruments of the Paris Climate Agreement, which took place virtually on April 8, 2022, 29 donors committed to allocating US$8.3 billion for the next four years (compared to US$4.1 billion in 2018 when the last replenishment occurred).

France announced a record contribution amounting to US$360 million, a 40% increase compared to its previous commitment.

GEF resources will help low-income countries in their efforts to protect the environment and tackle climate change. 36% of the allocated amount will be used for biodiversity protection.

Press release - French Ministry of Economy and Finance (in French)

Press release - Global Environment Facility

France aligns priorities with Global Fund at HIV/AIDS conference

During the AFRAVIH (French Alliance of Health Actors Against HIV/AIDS, and Chronic and Emerging Viral Infections) conference held in Marseille, several NGOs, think tanks, academics, and government decision-makers discussed the HIV/AIDS pandemic and addressed how to end the pandemic by 2030. 

Françoise Vanni, a representative of The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, attended the conference and introduced the organization's investment priorities for the next 3 years, which aim to mobilize at least US$18 billion. Stéphanie Seydoux, the French Ambassador for Global Health, presented France and the Global Fund's shared priorities, which include:

  • partner country ownership at the national and local level; 
  • the promotion of inclusiveness for those living with HIV/AIDS through national coordination mechanisms; and, 
  • the promotion of human rights and the fight against discrimination and criminalization of those with HIV/AIDS.  

The NGO, Aides, part of the Coalition Plus network, organized a protest calling for France to increase its contribution to The Global Fund by 50% for the next replenishment cycle.

News article - Seronet (in French)