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Each US$1.3 billion in UK recycled IMF Special Drawing Rights to LMICs will result in US$416 million net loss, says Center for Global Development

The Center for Global Development (CGD), a leading international development think-tank, published a new report criticizing the UK’s proposal to count some of its recycled International Monetary Fund (IMF) Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) as official development assistance (ODA).

CGD calculated that for every £1.0 billion (US$1.3 billion) of SDRs that the UK recycles, low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) will experience a £310 million (US$416 million) net loss in development assistance. The UK will count 31% of its recycled SDRs as part of its commitment to reach 0.5% of gross national income (GNI) as ODA, reducing resources from the UK ODA budget that are available to LMICs. CGD has described the UK’s decision to count its recycled SDRs as ODA as "giving with one hand while taking with the other."

Other donor countries that have also decided to recycle their SDRs to LMICs have chosen not to count them as ODA; this decision will ensure that the full amount of SDRs is available to target countries in addition to planned ODA budgets.

The report is heavily critical of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development's (OECD) rules which enable the UK to count IMF lending, via its Poverty, Growth and Reduction Trust, as ODA, arguing that rules do not appropriately reflect the low-level risk of the loans.

The report recommends that:

  • In the short term, the new UK Foreign Secretary, Liz Truss, push the UK Treasury to ensure all of its recycled SDRs are additional to the UK’s 0.5% of GNI ODA budget. If this is not possible, the report recommends that the IMF actively draw on other countries' flows that are not counted as ODA; the funding only counts as ODA when it is drawn down by the IMF and released to countries. It is not counted as ODA when it is merely committed.
  • In the long-term, if a new fund at the IMF is used to channel the additional SDRs to LMICs, it should ensure that any funding that is counted as reserves and subsides by other donors should not be counted as ODA.

Report – Center for Global Development

G20 leaders commit to ensuring humanitarian assistance in Afghanistan

At the G20 extraordinary meeting on Afghanistan, the G20 head of states committed to supporting humanitarian assistance in the country, focusing primarily on vulnerable groups, such as women, children, and people with disabilities.

The G20 leaders called upon leaders to find solutions to maintain essential services; in particular, they desire for strengthened education and health sectors. Furthermore, the leaders flagged the importance of a functioning payment system and overall financial stability in the region. The G20 leaders committed to cooperate with international organizations, international financial institutions, including multilateral development banks, and humanitarian actors in the field. The G20 countries invite the World Bank to explore possible ways to redirect support to international agencies for humanitarian efforts.

Finally, the G20 leaders emphasize the importance of ensuring a rapid vaccination campaign and fully administering previously donated vaccines via COVAX and stand ready to provide more.

Chair summary - G20 website

Japan provides US$76 million to promote digital sector, social and economic development in Cambodia

Japan will provide ¥750 million (US$7 million) to develop the digital sector and ¥7.1 billion (US$69 million) to advance social and economic development in Cambodia.

While Cambodia has a flourishing textile and clothing industry, the Cambodian government aims to advance high-value industries, especially using digital technology. Japan will provide ¥500 million (US$5 million) for a Computerized Numerical Control machine and ¥250 million (US$2 million) for a Global Navigation Satellite System in Cambodia, targeting the digital sector.

Although the population of Seim Reap, Cambodia is growing, the water supply rate is only 25%, the lowest level of any major city in Cambodia. Japan has loaned ¥6.3 billion (US$ 61 million) to expand the water supply in Seim Reap. In addition, Japan will provide ¥250 million (US$2 million) for concrete compressors and material testing equipment, ¥400 million (¥3 million) for training equipment for factory production lines, and ¥200 million (US$1 million) for equipment to detect landmines.

Press release – Ministry of Foreign Affairs (in Japanese)

Canada must do more to address humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan, critics say

Since Canada’s federal election is over, critics at Canada’s Institute for Research on Public Policy are calling for urgent policy change in response to the Afghan crisis.

The organization created a post-election to-do list for the Afghan crisis, which includes urgent action to:

  • Get people out: Canada should intensify its diplomacy work to encourage the Taliban to allow safe passage out of Afghanistan;
  • Increase government-assisted refugees: With Canada recently committing to resettle 40,000 Afghan refugees, at least half should be government-assisted refugees;
  • Speed up the resettlement process: Fast track Afghan refugee claims in Canada;
  • Clarify the new humanitarian program: The government announced a promising new program to resettle vulnerable Afghans, including women leaders, human rights advocates, and LGBTQ+ individuals, but the government must do more to communicate the eligibility and processes of the program; and
  • Increase international assistance: Identified as the most important task on the to-do list, the Canadian government must increase humanitarian aid for organizations working on the ground in Afghanistan and in neighboring countries, such as Pakistan and Turkey, which are experiencing large migration flows from Afghanistan.

Op-ed - Institute for Research on Public Policy 

UK ODA fell by US$937 million in 2020 in major budget reform

The UK government released its official statistics on international development for 2020 on September 30, 2021; the report shows that the UK spent £14.5 billion (US$19.3 billion) in official development assistance (ODA) in 2020.

While the government kept its commitment to spend 0.7% of its gross national income (GNI) on ODA, the actual budget decreased by £698 million (US$963 million) - 4.6% - due to the UK's shrinking economy as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Budget cuts were made during the middle of 2020, as the government stated it wanted to meet but not exceed its 0.7% GNI ODA target. 

The official statistics reveal:

  • A shift toward multilateral ODA - multilateral ODA rose by 3.6% (£173m); 
  • Bilateral ODA fell by 8.4% (£871 million) compared to 2019, which may indicate that the cuts in the budget predominately fell on the bilateral program. Eight of the 14 top thematic sectors of UK bilateral ODA received a reduced budget; 
  • Health initiatives accounted for 16.7% of UK bilateral ODA, taking the top spot- the health sector as the largest spend area for UK bilateral ODA, increasing by £164 million (US$220 million) in 2020, compared to 2019. Within health, the top three spending areas were: Medical Research (£373 million (US$501 million)), COVID-19 response (£317 million (US$439 million)), and infectious disease control (£169 million (US$227 million)).
  • The largest cut was to the education sector with spending reduced by 31%. 
  • The African continent continues to receive the majority of UK region-specific ODA – It received over half (52%) of all UK region-specific bilateral ODA in 2020, but the amount of bilateral ODA provided to the region decreased by £375 million (US$503 million) in 2020. The top three recipients of UK bilateral country-specific ODA were Ethiopia, Nigeria, and Somalia.
  • In 2020, the UK estimates that it spent £1.6 billion (US$2.2 billion) of its bilateral ODA on COVID-19 pandemic response.
  • The EU remains the largest recipient of UK multilateral ODA, accounting for 31% of all UK Multilateral core ODA, followed by the World Bank’s IDA (19%) and then the Global Fund (10%).
  • NGOs have criticized the UK government's lack of transparency and are requesting access to the original 2020 ODA budget spending plans in order to adequately assess cuts. 

Report – UK Final Statistics on International Development 2020

News article – BOND

UK NGOs raise concerns over additional cuts to UK development assistance budget

UK NGOs raised concerns over the UK Treasury's plan to make further cuts to the UK’s development assistance budget as a result of so-called ‘accounting tricks.’ 

The UK government announced that it will only spend 0.5% of its gross national income (GNI) on official development assistance (ODA) from 2021 onwards. However, UK NGOs are concerned that in addition to this cut, the Treasury will count the following spending items in its ODA budget, further reducing the discretionary funds available to the UK in 2021-2022:

  • Cancellation of a multi-million-pound debt owed by Sudan to the UK, despite the debt having been written off years ago;
  • 30% of Special Drawing Rights given by the IMF, which the UK has agreed to recycle and hand on to low- and lower-middle-income countries in order to help with the economic fall-out from the COVID-19 pandemic, despite this funding providing additional new resources to the UK budget; and,
  • The cost of giving COVID-19 vaccines to developing countries as official ODA, which could amount to £1 billion (US$1.4 billion).

While these spending items are all allowed under the international rules for measuring ODA set by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation, UK NGOs argue that they either don’t represent current real flows of money (Sudan’s historic debt relief) or should be given in addition to the UK’s ODA budget as they come from an additional budget or are responding to exceptional circumstances.   

NGOs note that if the Treasury decides to count these items as part of its ODA spending, the discretionary spending of the UK’s development assistance budget will be significantly reduced. The budget has already been cut by £4 billion (US$5.4 billion) due to the government’s decision to reduce the volume of ODA to 0.5% of UK's GNI in 2021/22. However, these additional costs could cut the UK’s discretionary spending by a further £2 billion (US$2.7 billion), leaving the UK with only £8 billion (US$10.7 billion) for its discretionary ODA budget in 2021/22.

News article – DEVEX

Germany pledges additional US$59 million to Education Cannot Wait

During the United Nations General Assembly Week (UNGA), German development minister, Gerd Müller, announced Germany's commitment of an additional €50 million (US$59 million) to Education Cannot Wait (ECW) for 2022 to support its multi-year resilience programs.

With this new funding, Germany’s contributions to ECW amount to US$137 million, making Germany the second-largest donor to ECW.

Press release – Education Cannot Wait

FCDO’s annual report reveals striking ODA cuts to UK bilateral country programs

The UK’s Foreign, Commonwealth and, Development Office's (FCDO) newly published '2020-2021 Annual Report and Accounts' reveals some of the impacts of the UK's cuts to official development assistance (ODA) in fiscal year (FY) 2021/22. 

The report indicates decreases in ODA allocations to the FCDO central programs. Expenditures of the global health central program departments will fall 27% to US$1.2 billion (GBP£916 million). ODA spending on education, gender, and equality will also fall by more than half to £124 million (US$167 million).

The report also reveals that the FCDO plans to spend £1.8 billion (US$2.4 billion) in direct country bilateral ODA in FY2021/22. This entails a concerning 45% cut compared to FY2020/21, mainly driven by reductions in funding to the poorest countries.

While some partners on the Asian continent will receive large cuts, analysis by Devex shows some evidence of an Indo-Pacific tilt: 

  • £32 million (US$43 million) will be allocated to the FCDO’s newly established South East Asia & Pacific Department; 
  • ODA to Indonesia will increase by 22% to £14 million (US$18.8 million); 
  • India’s ODA will also increase by 33% to £55 million (US$74 million); however, 
  • ODA to Bangladesh will fall by 62%; and
  • Pakistan, historically the largest recipient of UK bilateral ODA, will see a funding cut of 40%, from £160 million (US$215 million) to £97 million (US$130 million).

The Devex analysis also shows that fragile states and countries on the African continent are scheduled to receive large cuts.

  • Lebanon’s ODA is set to fall by 85%, from £85 million (US$114 million) to £13 million (US$18 million);
  • ODA to Somalia is set to fall by 41%, from £121 million (US$163 million) to £71 million (US$94 million); 
  • ODA to Nigeria is set to fall from £209 million (US$281 million) to £95 million (US$128 million); 
  • Ethiopia's ODA is set to fall from £240 million (US$322 million) to £107 million (US$144 million); and
  • ODA to Kenya, a primary UK development and security partner, is falling by 39%, from £67 million (US$90 million) to £41 million (US$55 million).

News article - Devex

Report - FCDO 2020-2021 Annual Report and Accounts

EU Commission commits US$165 million to CGIAR and US$29 million to ECW at Global Citizen Live

The European Commission announced new commitments of €140 million (US$165 million) to CGIAR, a global partnership on agriculture and food security research and development (R&D), and €25 million (US$29 million) to the UN Education Cannot Wait (ECW) global education fund at the Global Citizen Live concert on September 25, 2021.

CGIAR brings together organizations around the globe that conduct R&D to reduce rural poverty, increase food security, improve health and nutrition, and foster the sustainable management of natural resources. 

The EU is a founding supporter of ECW, a global fund to finance education during humanitarian crises for crisis-affected children. The Commission has committed nearly €53 million (US$62 million) in total to ECW since its inception in 2016.

Press release - European Commission

Impact report - Global Citizen

Spanish development minister visits Honduras and Guatemala, announcing new partnership

In her first official trip since her appointment as State Secretary for International Cooperation, Pilar Cancela visited Honduras and Guatemala to gather information about Spain’s development cooperation programs in Central America related to education, climate change, gender, and water and sanitation.

Cancela met with government officials, parliamentarians, and representatives from multilateral organizations and local NGOs during the trip. She also participated in an event with the Guatemalan Secretary General for Planning, Keila Gramajo, to announce the approval of the new Partnership Framework Agreement (MAP) 2021-2024 that outlines Spain’s development priorities in Guatemala.

Press release – MAUC (in Spanish)

Justin Trudeau’s Liberal Party wins minority government in Canadian election; platform promises increased international development spending

Canada’s federal snap elections on September 20, 2021, ended with a minority government led by Justin Trudeau’s Liberal Party, similar to that of the previous formation. The Liberal Party’s campaign platform made several promises regarding Canada’s global engagement, including new spending for international development.

The Liberal Party campaign platform promised to:

  • Increase Canada’s international development assistance each year until 2030 to support the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs);
  • Quadruple Canada’s annual investment in the Canada Fund for Local Initiatives to enable Canadian embassies to support the work of feminists, LGBTQ2 activists, and human rights defenders;
  • Donate at least 200 million vaccine doses to COVAX, the World Health Organization's (WHO) vaccine alliance, by the end of 2022 and provide additional funding to support testing and production efforts in low and middle-income countries;
  • Continue engagement with international allies to raise humanitarian funds and support the establishment of enduring democracy in Lebanon;
  • Continue Canadian support for global education, including new funding for girls’ and refugees’ education;
  • Provide increased assistance to people with disabilities in low and middle-income countries; and
  • Double Canada’s funding to grassroots women’s rights organizations and continue to make significant investments in comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services

Platform - Liberal Party of Canada

News article - Cooperation Canada

Liz Truss appointed as new Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth and Development in UK Cabinet reshuffle

UK Prime Minister, Boris Johnson, appointed Liz Truss as the new Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth, and Development (FCDO). 

The move is part of a broader cabinet reshuffle by the Prime Minister. Dominic Raab, the former Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth, and Development, was demoted to the role of Secretary of State for Justice, but will take on the Deputy Prime Minister title. The move was largely seen as a result of Raab’s management of the UK withdrawal from Afghanistan, with many Conservative Members of Parliament highly critical of his approach.

Raab is the second western world leader, following Sigrid Kaag in the Netherlands, to leave their post following Afghanistan withdrawals. 

Truss was the Secretary of State for International Trade between 2019 - 2021 and holds the title of Minister for Women and Equalities. She will retain her role as Minister for Women and Equalities in her new post as the Foreign Secretary. Devex reports that civil society and development commentators’ views of her appointment have been mixed but all agree that she will have a challenge ahead, managing the COVID-19 crisis, climate change, and conflict on a limited budget.  

Other political appointment changes within the FCDO include the appointment of Amanda Milling as an FCDO Minister of State, replacing, Nigel Adams, former Minister for Asia. Vicky Ford replaces James Duddridge as Minister for Africa. Deborah Stedman-Scott joined the FCDO as Minister for Women, but simultaneously maintains a role at the Department for Work and Pensions. Finally, Kemi Badenoch joined the FCDO with responsibilities concerning equality, which she shares with Truss.

Truss penned an article in the Sunday Telegraph in which she acknowledged the UK's status as a global leader in development, champion of girls’ education, and supporter of freedom, free enterprise, democracy, and equality around the world.

News article - Devex

News article - The Telegraph

Global Citizen wins appeal for nonprofit status in Australia, signaling importance of advocacy for poverty reduction

Global Citizen won its case to be classified as a public benevolent institution (PBI) in Australia, allowing the organization to seek tax-deductible recipient status among other financial benefits. 

Australia’s charity regulator, the Australian Charities and Not-for-profits Commission, sought to deny PBI status for Global Citizen. The Commission argued against PBI status, claiming that Global Citizen operates as an advocacy entity that does not provide direct relief, disqualifying the organization from benefits.

An appeal against the original decision was successful with the Administrative Appeals Tribunal asserting that Global Citizen organizes direct relief for the reduction of poverty through advocacy. Advocacy in the political process was labeled as a “regular and indispensable part” of their work.

The appealed decision affirms the importance and necessity of advocacy to promote poverty reduction. 

Media report - The Guardian Australia

European Investment Bank creates new development branch with US$5.6 billion initial investment

The European Investment Bank (EIB) has approved €4.8 billion (US$5.6 billion) in financing for a new branch focused on development finance. 

The EIB created the branch in response to the Council of the EU's call for the bank to enhance contributions to EU development efforts globally. 

The branch will create regional hubs and increase the EIB's cooperation with multilateral development banks, national development finance institutions, and local partners. A new advisory group will consult the EU on its external operations.

The initial financing is earmarked for the following areas: 

  • Clean energy, energy-efficient housing, and climate action: €2.2 billion (US$2.6 billion); 
  • COVID-19 vaccines, health, and education: €647 million (US$761 million); 
  • Sustainable transport: €752 million (US$885 million); and  
  • Private sector investment and COVID economic resilience: €500 million (US$588 million). 

Press release - European Investment Bank

Spain provides US$24 million to support Afghan refugees, focusing on quality education

Spanish Minister of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation, José Manuel Albares, announced that Spain will provide €20 million (US$24 million) in humanitarian assistance to support Afghan refugee populations at the UN Afghanistan donor conference held in Geneva, Switzerland.

Minister Albares emphasized that one of Spain’s priorities is to support the most vulnerable refugees, particularly women and girls and to guarantee access to quality education for up to 2-3 million Afghan children.

Press release – MAUC

UK’s Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office loses 200+ development professionals following merger in 2020

A new analysis by Devex reveals that 212 development professionals left the UK’s Foreign, Commonwealth, and Development Office (FCDO) following the merger of the Department for International Development (DFID) and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) in September 2020. 

While the FCDO told Devex that the number of former DFID staffers who departed after the merger was similar to the previous year’s turnover, the Chair of the UK parliament’s International Development Committee, Sarah Champion, has expressed concerns over staffing. She indicated that the Committee's previous concern that the merger could lead to a development brain-drain from the FCDO is coming true. This staffing issue is of particular concern, given that the UK was renowned globally for its staff expertise in development. 

Staffing losses come as the FCDO faces increasing criticism for its management of the UK's withdrawal from Afghanistan. The Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Dominic Raab, has received significant criticism following revelations that an internal FCDO risk report predicted that the fall of the government in Afghanistan could be swift following withdrawal. This conclusion contradicted Raab’s statements that defended the UK's actions due to intelligence failures and lack of accurate predictions of quick government breakdowns. 

News article: The Guardian

UK’s development superpower status under threat, warns Center for Global Development

The Center for Global Development (CGD), a global development think-tank with an office in London, has published a new blog reflecting on the first anniversary of the UK’s Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCOD) following the merger of the Department for International Development (DFID) into the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO).

The blog argues that some of the UK's core development strengths under DFID have been eroded as a result of the merger, highlighting that the FCDO is less poverty-focused, its commitment to development effectiveness is weaker, and its expertise has declined. CGD argues that these trends, coupled with the substantial budget cuts to the UK development assistance budget, threaten the UK’s development superpower status.

CGD argues that the purpose of UK development assistance has shifted as a result of the creation of FCDO and is now more concentrated on meeting UK national interests than addressing poverty. CGD recognizes that this shift began prior to the merger, but notes that the merger has accelerated the move away from poverty reduction.

On development effectiveness, CGD argues that while it is too early to empirically evaluate how the merger has impacted the quality of UK development assistance, CGD predicts that it will further decline, especially in the category of transparency. A recent review by the Independent Commission on Aid Impact (ICAI), the UK’s independent development assistance watchdog, highlighted that the FCDO has been less transparent in its engagement with the ICAI than in prior years and the Chair of the UK parliamentary International Development Committee has criticized the UK government for a lack of clear information, particularly with regards to its spending plans.

Finally, on staffing CGD notes that when the merger happened, only 2 of the 7 initial appointments to the Management Board were former DFID officials. More recently, the FCDO has announced 20% cuts to its staffing costs, with most of the cuts likely to fall on staff managing development projects have been stopped due to cuts in the development assistance budget.

Blog - Center for Global Development

Majority of UK's US$27.5 billion IMF-issued Special Drawing Rights should go to LMICs for COVID-19 recovery, says UK civil society

In a historic decision, on August 23, 2021, International Monetary Fund (IMFS) members agreed to allocate US$650.0 billion worth of Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) – the IMF’s international reserve currency – to member states to help them recover from the COVID-19 pandemic and its economic and social impacts.

The funding is allocated to countries based on their contributions to the IMF which, in turn, is based on the size of their economy. This means US$400.0 billion will be given to high-income countries and just US$21.0 billion will be given to all low--income countries (LICs) and a further US$230.0 billion to middle-income countries.

A group of UK civil society organizations (CSOs), including Oxfam, Christian Aid, and the Bretton Woods Project, are arguing that this historic decision represents an opportunity for the UK to use the majority of its SDRs to help those LMICs most in need. The CSOs are calling upon the UK government to provide 75% of its IMF-issued US$27.5 billion Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) to LMICs to help them to build back better following COVID-19. The group also says the transferred SDRs should be provided to LMICs debt-free and should be additional to the UK’s ODA budget and international financial commitments. 

The UK has agreed in principle to deliver some of its SDRs to LMICs, but the CSOs are concerned it is not enough and will be delivered in ways that could burden LMICs with extra debt. There is also concern by the group that the UK could count part of its SDRs towards its ODA budget, depriving many countries of what could be truly additional resources.

The CSOs argue that in order for the UK government to maximize the impact of its SDR allocations for LMICs it should:

  • Allocate at least 75% of its SDR allocation, or equivalent in hard currency, within the next 12 months to LMICs (the UK appears to be planning to channel only 10-20% of its SDRs at present);
  • Ensure the funding is provided in the form of debt-free financing, with a preference for grant-based financing;
  • Ensure funding is not tied to countries meeting IMF imposed economic policy conditions;
  • Consider channeling some support to multilateral initiatives such as COVAX, which could be done by deploying UK foreign reserve currencies as the inflow of SDRs is received to open up opportunities to fund entities that are not member states of the IMF; and
  • Ensure that all UK SDR allocations to LMICs are additional to existing UK ODA and climate finance commitments.

Press release - Bretton Woods Project

G7 leaders support UN-led international humanitarian response in Afghanistan, call on Taliban government to uphold international human rights

The UK, as President of the G7 in 2021, hosted a virtual leaders’ meeting of the G7 on August 24 to discuss the current situation in Afghanistan. 

The leaders, delivering a statement from the meeting, called for a cessation of all violence, and agreed to support an UN-led international humanitarian response. The G7 leaders also called upon the new Taliban-led government to uphold international human rights particularly for women and girls and uphold international humanitarian law.

The UN has estimated that 18 million people are now in need of humanitarian assistance in Afghanistan following the collapse of the government and the Taliban takeover, as US and UK troops withdrew from the country. The UN has also warned that the violence in Afghanistan must stop, noting that if current trends continue, Afghanistan could record the highest-ever number of documented civilian casualties, since the UN’s began collecting annual data on these figures.  

The UK has agreed to increase its official development assistance (ODA) to Afghanistan to £286 million (US$384 million) and has committed to receiving 20,000 Afghan refugees over the next five years. It also has an Afghan Relocations and Assistance Policy (ARAP) which was launched on April 1, 2021 and will remain in place until November 2022, that offers any current or former locally employed staff working for the UK government in Afghanistan (that is assessed to be under serious threat to life) to be offered relocation to the UK.

G7 Leaders' statement - G7

News article - BOND

Sweden suspends all ODA to Afghanistan, will channel increased humanitarian assistance through UN

On August 23, 2021, a week after the Taliban takeover in Afghanistan, the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) submitted its situation analysis to the Swedish Government. All Swedish support for Afghanistan has already been suspended and, as per the report recommendations, Sweden will channel increased resources for humanitarian assistance through the United Nations (UN) going forward.

"We are suspending all Swedish support or part of the support that has gone to strengthening the Afghan state and which may involve resources for the new government in Kabul, directly or through other actors. No such new decisions are made either," said Maria Lundberg, Head of the Afghanistan Unit at Sida.

Nevertheless, activities focusing on impact, accountability, and peace-building may still be implemented even if directed to or delivered in cooperation with state actors, within the framework of the goals set by the Swedish Government for its development cooperation with Afghanistan.

In the analysis, Sida concluded that most of its partners in Afghanistan will be able to continue providing support to the Afghan people in areas such as health, education, and safety of the civilian population.

Lundberg continued: "Sida works intensively and in dialogue with our partners to continue working for the good of the civilian population in Afghanistan and to protect the progress made over the last 20 years. Now many organizations need increased resources to ensure the safety of their employees. Our assessment is that more support needs to go through the UN and that parts of development aid in 2021 will be distributed to humanitarian aid."

Press release – TT (in Swedish)