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US pledges US$1.2 billion at Gavi's Global Vaccine Summit: 16% increase from 2015 pledge

At the Global Vaccine Summit, convened by Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance in London on June 4, 2020, the US reiterated its US$1.2 billion pledge for fiscal years (FY) 2020-2023, representing a 16% increase from the US pledge in 2015.

All pledges must be approved by Congress, which has already provided US$290 million for FY2020. The president's budget for FY2021, which Congress has not yet considered, includes US$290 million in support of Gavi.

Press release - USAID

Video - USAID

Germany pledges US$763 million at Gavi’s Global Vaccine Summit: equal to 2015 pledge

At the Global Vaccine Summit, convened by Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance in London on June 4, 2020, Germany pledged US$654 million for the period of 2021-2025, equaling its pledge to Gavi in 2015 for the period of 2016-2020. However, Germany announced an additional €100 million earmarked for Gavi’s COVID-19 response, bringing Germany’s contribution to a total of US$763 million. Germany was represented at the event by German chancellor Angela Merkel. 


Merkel emphasized Gavi’s pivotal role in both making vaccines “affordable, available and freely accessible worldwide” and in rolling out an eventual COVID-19 vaccine.“It is also vital to strengthen health-sector actors such as Gavi," she said, "because as soon as a suitable vaccine has been found, we need to be in a position to start a global vaccination campaign without delay." 

 
Merkel’s pledge prompted the criticism of an alliance of six German NGOs which, in the run-up to the pledging event, had called on the German government to increase its contribution to Gavi’s 2021-2025 strategic period by €100 million to a total of €700 million. “The German pledge for the Gavi vaccination alliance announced today is falling short of our expectations. An increase in funds for Gavi's core tasks by a further €100 million would have been important - because due to the current pandemic, lifesaving vaccination services against measles or polio are currently disrupted in many countries, ”said a joint statement by the six development organizations Deutsche Stiftung Weltbevölkerung (DSW), Global Citizen, ONE, Plan International Germany, Save the Children and World Vision Germany.


News article – Deutsche Welle

Press release – BMZ (in German)

Press release – DSW (in German)

South Korea pledges US$30 million at Gavi’s Global Vaccine Summit: 50% increase from 2015 pledge

At the Global Vaccine Summit, convened by Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance in London on June 4, 2020, South Korea pledged US$30 million for the period of 2021-2025. This represents a 50% increase from South Korea’s contributions to Gavi of US$20 million for the period of 2016-2020 ($4 million annually). South Korea was represented at the event by Foreign Minister Kang Kyung-wha.

In addition to the pledge, Minister Kang also discussed the Support Group for Global Infectious Disease Response (G4IDR) which was recently launched by South Korea to work closely with the WHO and other multilateral health initiatives including Gavi, Global Fund, Unitaid, Stop TB, and the International Vaccine Institute. 


Press release – Ministry of Foreign Affairs

UK pledges US$2 billion at Gavi’s Global Vaccine Summit: 44% increase from 2015 pledge

At the Global Vaccine Summit, convened by Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance in London on June 4, 2020, the UK pledged £1.7 billion (US$2 billion) for the period of 2021-2025. This represents a 44% increase from the UK’s previous pledge of US$1.3 billion to Gavi for 2016-2020.

The UK was represented at the event by Prime Minister Boris Johnson. Given that the UK was hosting the virtual summit, Johnson opened the event, identifying Gavi as a key institution in the fight against COVID-19. He called on the global community to unite in the fight against this pandemic.

Press release - UK Government

European Commission pledges US$326 million at Gavi’s Global Vaccine Summit: 50% increase from 2015 pledge

On June 4, 2020, at the Global Vaccine Summit convened by Gavi the Vaccine Alliance in London, the European Commission (EC) pledged €300 million (US$326 million) for the 2021-2025 replenishment period. This represents a 50% increase from the EC’s most recent pledge to Gavi in 2015 amounting to €200 million (US$217 million) for the 2016-2020 period.

The EC was represented at the event by EC President Ursula von der Leyen who stated that this pledge exceeds all previous EC contributions and expressed the Commission's strong support for Gavi. 
 
The EC’s pledge is subject to change since the pledge will be financed by the Commission’s proposal for the next Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF) for 2021-2027, which is yet to be finalized by EU member states and the European Parliament.


Press release - European Commission

Speech transcript - European Commission

At Gavi's Global Vaccine Summit, world leaders exceed funding target with historic US$8.8 billion

Representatives of 52 countries, including 35 heads of state, joined the June 5, 2020, Global Vaccine Summit, convened by Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance, to raise a total of US$8.8 billion in financing for childhood immunizations and vaccine infrastructure. World leaders, meeting with representatives of 12 organizations and corporations for the London-based pledging moment, hoped to reach a US$7.4 billion funding target. By the time the pledging ended, the target had been overshot by US$1.4 billion.

Against the backdrop of a still-raging COVID-19 pandemic which has claimed the lives of hundreds of thousands and laid waste to the global economy, attendees of the summit spoke passionately about the need for global cooperation and solidarity in ensuring that a vaccine against the novel coronavirus, once developed, be accessible to all.

The US$8.8 billion will support Gavi's campaign to vaccinate 300 million children in the world's poorest countries against diseases including diphtheria, polio, and measles by 2025. Disruptions to Gavi's regular immunization activities, caused by COVID-19, have endangered an estimated 80 million children under one year old. The funding will also bolster Gavi's efforts in strengthening health systems in low-income states which have been ravaged by the pandemic and will help build out infrastructure to support the eventual provision of a vaccine against the virus.

A further US$567 million was also raised for 'Gavi Advance Market Commitment for COVID-19 Vaccines' (Gavi Covax AMC), a new financing instrument designed to provide access to the eventual COVID-19 vaccine specifically in low- and middle-income countries.

“To beat the COVID-19 pandemic, the world needs more than breakthrough science. It needs breakthrough generosity,” said Bill Gates, co-chair of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. “...When COVID-19 vaccines are ready, this funding and global coordination will ensure that people all over the world will be able to access them.”

Press release - Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance

Experts praise strong COVID-19 focus of Australia’s new development policy, but stagnant budget and lack of regional focus raises eyebrows

Some experts have welcomed the announcement of a COVID-19 centered Australian development policy given that it emphasizes working to support partner governments in the delivery of critical services and is accompanied by a new performance framework. However, they have also identified some problems with the government's new approach, in particular, the policy's minimal references to South Asia and the role of non-health sectors. It is also of concern that despite the magnitude of the COVID-19 crisis, the Australian government has no plan to increase its official development assistance (ODA) budget.

At the end of May of 2020, in the midst of the COVID-19 crisis, Australia published a new development policy that will guide its development cooperation efforts for the next two years. It focuses specifically on stability, health security, and economic recovery in the wake of COVID-19.

Blog post - ANU Devpolicy Blog

Spain pledges US$55 million at Gavi’s Global Vaccine Summit; 100% increase from 2016.

At the Global Vaccine Summit, convened by Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance in London on June 4, 2020, Spain pledged €50 million (US$55 million) for the period of 2025-2035. This represents a 100% increase from 2016 when Spain did not make any pledges. This funding will be channeled through the International Finance Facility for Immunization (IFFIm). 

Spain was represented at the event by Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez, who advocated for global immunization programs and universal health coverage, and underlined the need for directing further global health efforts into Latin America.

Press release – la Moncloa (in Spanish)

Spain Donor Profile - Gavi 

 

Japan pledges US$306 million at Gavi's Global Vaccine Summit: 223% increase from 2015 pledge

At the Global Vaccine Summit, convened by Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance in London on June 4, 2020, Japan pledged US$306 million for the period of 2021-2025. This represents a 223% increase from Japan's contributions to Gavi of US$95 million for the period of 2016-2020. Japan was represented at the event by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.

In his remarks, Abe highlighted the importance of international cooperation and the need for equitable access to vaccines. Assuming that a vaccine for COVID-19 will be developed, Abe indicated the need for preparations now to supply the vaccine across the world. Abe also expressed hope that Japanese companies’ innovations in vaccines as well as manufacturing and supplying capabilities will be utilized more.
 
Press release – Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs (in Japanese)

News article – The Sankei News (in Japanese)

Australia pledges US$196 million at Gavi’s Global Vaccine Summit: 20% increase from its 2015 pledge

At the Global Vaccine Summit, convened by Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance in London on June 4, 2020, Australia pledged A$300 million (US$195 million) for the period of 2021-2025. This represents a 20% increase from Australia’s most recent pledge to Gavi in 2015. Australia was represented at the virtual event by Australian Prime Minister, Scott Morrison.

In the Pacific and Timor-Leste, Gavi had already enabled the vaccination of more than 1.5 million children.

Press release - Foreign Ministry

France pledges US$395 million at Gavi’s Global Vaccine Summit: 233% increase from 2015 pledge

At the Global Vaccine Summit, convened by Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance in London on June 4, 2020, France pledged €350 million (US$395 million). This represents a 233% increase from France's most recent pledge to Gavi in 2015 of €150 million (US$164 million, with 2020 conversion rate) for the period of 2016-2020. France was represented at the event by President Emmanuel Macron.

According to Macron, €250 million (US$282 million) will be allocated through direct funding, and an additional €100 million (US$113 million) will be allocated "when the effective vaccine against COVID is available in order to ensure its dissemination at an affordable price".

Press release - French Presidency

Netherlands pledges US$366 million at Gavi’s Global Vaccine Summit: 30% increase from 2015 pledge

At the Global Vaccine Summit, convened by Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance in London on June 4, 2020, the Netherlands pledged €325 million (US$366 million) for the period of 2021-2025. This represents an 30% increase from the Netherlands' most recent pledge to Gavi in 2015 of €250 million (US$282 million), however, a part of the new contribution is for a 10-year period and includes long term finance to the International Financing Facility for Immunisation (IFFIm), one of Gavi's funding instruments. The Netherlands was represented at the event by its Prime Minister, Mark Rutte.

Rutte commended Gavi for the extraordinary results that it achieved, and noted that the Netherlands has been a staunch supporter of Gavi since its inception in 2000. Still, Rutte said, too many children suffer from preventable diseases, and therefore much work remains to be done.  

Rutte furthermore acknowledged that Gavi plays a key role in combatting COVID-19, but he also called on Gavi to work even more closely with other global health partners to align efforts at country level.

Press release - Stichting Vaccinvrij (in Dutch)

Press release - Gavi  

Italy pledges US$314 million at Gavi’s Global Vaccine Summit: 20% increase from 2015 pledge

At the Global Vaccine Summit, convened by Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance in London on June 4, 2020, Italy pledged €288 million (US$314 million). €120m ($131 million) was allocated as a direct contribution to Gavi for the period 2021-2025, representing a 20% increase over Italy’s previous direct pledge for the 2016 to 2020 period. Italy announced a further €150 million ($164 million) to be paid in equal installments from 2026 to 2030, to Gavi's International Finance Facility for Immunisation (IFFIm) on top of the previous IFFIM commitment. Italy was represented at the Summit by Prime Minister Conte.

Over the past 20 years, Italy has taken a leading role in launching the first Advance Market Commitment to accelerate the development and availability of pneumococcal vaccines, and it is the largest donor to the AMC. In his London remarks, Conte announced on behalf of all AMC partners that the AMC's financial balance would be allocated to the new Gavi Advance Market Commitment for COVID-19 Vaccines (Gavi Covax AMC).

In his speech, Conte also confirmed that effective multilateralism, international cooperation, and solidarity will be central pillars of Italy’s G20 presidency in 2021.

Speech transcript - Presidency of the Council of Ministers

German governing parties announce US$3.3 billion for international COVID-19 response as part of US$141.8 billion stimulus package

On June 3, 2020, the German governing parties CDU/CSU and SPD agreed on a €130 billion (US$141.8 billion) economic stimulus package in response to the COVID-19 crisis. The package includes €3 billion (US$3.3 billion) in additional funding for the international COVID-19 response to fight the pandemic, expand humanitarian assistance, provide preventive health care, and scale up the economic exchange between Germany and the African continent. The €3 billion will be distributed from 2020-2021, with €1.5 billion allocated each year. 
 
Development Minister Gerd Müller welcomed the parties’ decision to increase funding for the global COVID-19 response, stating that Germany's efforts would send “an important sign of solidarity”. With the €3 billion the German Development Ministry’s (BMZ’s) Emergency COVID-19 Support Program could be expanded, he said, and Germany could contribute to stabilizing particularly affected crisis and refugee regions. 
 
Müller had originally requested an additional €3.2 billion (US$3.4 billion) in funding for the BMZ Emergency COVID-19 Support Program from Germany’s 2020 supplementary budget. As of yet, it is not clear whether the now announced €3 billion will be solely channeled via the BMZ, or whether the funding will be also distributed to other ministries, such as the Federal Foreign Office.

Press release – Coalition committee’s stimulus package (in German)

News article – Deutsche Welle

News article – dpa (in German)

South Korea commits US$19 million in humanitarian assistance to Yemen

The South Korean Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) announced its plan to provide US$19 million in humanitarian assistance at the 'Virtual High-level Pledging Event for the Humanitarian Crisis in Yemen' held on June 2, 2020.

According to the UN, around 80% of the Yemeni population is in need of humanitarian assistance due to persisting internal conflicts. South Korea’s assistance will be used to help bolster the COVID-19 response, respond to food insecurity, and protect vulnerable groups in Yemen. In addition to this assistance, the Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs has been providing rice through the World Food Programme under the Food Assistance Convention.

Press release – Ministry of Foreign Affairs (in Korean)

Spain’s Foreign Minister hosts bilateral meetings with African ministers

On June 2 and 3, 2020, the Spanish Minister of Foreign Affairs, European Union and Cooperation, Arancha González Laya, held several videoconference meetings with the Foreign Ministers of Angola, Cote d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, and Mauritania. These meetings were aimed at reviewing and analyzing the impact of the current COVID-19 pandemic in Sub-Saharan Africa. Minister González Laya conveyed Spain’s support for promoting bilateral cooperation and discussed other topics of mutual interest including democratic governance, human rights, security, and socioeconomic progress.

Press release – MAEUEC (in Spanish)

South Korea increases support for vaccine R&D, humanitarian assistance in third supplementary COVID-19 budget worth US$29 billion

The South Korean Ministry of Economy and Finance (MOEF) unveiled the third supplementary budget to fight COVID-19 with a total of KRW35.3 trillion (US$29 billion). The stated objective of this budget is to help key industries recover from economic fallout due to COVID-19.

In particular, the government included in the supplementary budget its plan to further increase global humanitarian assistance by KRW23.8 billion (US$20 million). The government will also invest KRW111.5 billion (US$91 million) for research and development of COVID-19 therapeutics and vaccines domestically. Moreover, KRW34.8 billion) US$28 million) will be provided for the production infrastructure for new medicines and KRW46 billion (US$38 million) for the strengthening of quarantine capacity and medical equipment. 

News article – Yonhap News

Dutch Development Minister presents report on recent World Bank Group meeting, calls for World Bank to lead economic recovery efforts

On May 26, 2020, Dutch Minister of Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation, Sigrid Kaag, presented a report to Parliament on the World Bank Group’s April 17 Development Committee meeting. 
The Committee emphasized the importance of adopting a holistic, long-term strategy to protect the poorest and most vulnerable, which should be guided by the Sustainable Development Goals. The World Bank has reserved US$160 billion to implement this strategy over the next 15 months.
The Netherlands fully supports to this approach and, specifically, asked the World Bank to take a leading role in promoting the economic recovery of countries affected by the COVID-19 crisis. The Netherlands strongly advocated for an emphasis on sustainability, education, and the provision of essential health care and food relief to countries in need. 
The Dutch government also supported the call of the World Bank and the International Monitory Fund for a temporary suspension of debt service payments to bilateral creditors by the poorest countries.


Press release - Parliament of the Netherlands (in Dutch)
 

European Commission proposes US$102.6 billion for next seven-year research program

The European Commission (EC) has proposed boosting funding for its next research program 'Horizon Europe', to €94.4 billion (US$102.6 billion) in its newly published proposals for an updated EU long-term budget, the 2021-2027 multiannual financial framework (MFF), and a new EU Recovery Fund, 'Next Generation EU'.

This is a significant increase from the EC’s 2018 MFF proposal of €87 billion (US$94.6 billion). Next Generation EU would provide €13.5 billion (US$14.7 billion) of the funding for Horizon Europe, which will be directed into investments in global health research and development, including new protective measures, virology, vaccines, treatments, and diagnostics. 
 
Website for the MFF proposals - European Commission

Amended Horizon Europe regulation - European Commission

Canada pledges US$30 million in humanitarian assistance to Yemen

Canada's Minister of International Development, Karina Gould, has announced CAD40 million (US$30 million) to address the resurgence of cholera, malaria, dengue fever, and diphtheria in Yemen during the COVID-19 crisis. Despite the significant level of need in Yemen, 75% of United Nations (UN) programs have already shut down because of underfunding and a further 30 out of 41 key programs left may be forced to close in the coming weeks unless significant funding commitments are made.

Gould made this announcement at a pledging conference hosted by the UN and Saudi Arabia, which aimed to raise US$2.4 billion for underfunded humanitarian programs run by UN agencies and humanitarian organizations in Yemen.

News article - CBC