Australia - Nutrition
At a glance
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade links nutrition to several major development priorities
Australia considers nutrition a development challenge linked to its major policy priorities such as health and agriculture and therefore takes a multisectoral approach to addressing nutrition. Australia’s government has not developed a strategic framework for nutrition policies; rather, nutrition is integrated into both the agriculture and health strategy documents.
In its development policy, ‘Partnerships for Recovery: Australia’s COVID-19 Development Response’ (launched May 2020), food security is named among the issues DFAT plans to tackle as part of its effort to help Australia’s neighbors deal with the immediate and long-term impacts of the COVID-19 crisis. Food security is nested under the banner of ‘Stability’ (along with governance, education, violence against women, and social protection), the second of the new policy’s three pillars.
According to data from the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Creditor Reporting System (CRS), Australia disbursed only US$3 million to nutrition-specific projects in 2020 (projects that are reported to the OECD Creditor’s Reporting System database under the ‘basic nutrition’ purpose code). This represents a small decline compared to 2019 (US$4 million). However, overall funding to nutrition is significantly higher as Australia also funds nutrition-sensitive interventions. According to the 2020 Global Nutrition Report, Australia’s nutrition-sensitive interventions amounted to US$103 million in 2019 (latest data available), significantly above funding levels in 2018 at US$53 million
Nutrition-specific: Interventions that address immediate causes of undernutrition and have the improvement of nutrition (i.e., support for exclusive breastfeeding, supplementary feeding, etc.) as their primary objective.
Nutrition-sensitive: Interventions that address underlying causes of malnutrition and that take into account cross-sector actions and impacts (i.e., improving access to diverse foods).
DFAT leads policy development and decision-making in this sector
Nutrition financing policies and decision-making processes are spread across development areas, reflecting Australia’s cross-sectoral perspective. Policy development and decision-making in these fields (e.g., health and agriculture) are led by DFAT and implemented by the respective governmental agencies.