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Inaugural Canadian 'Indo-Pacific Strategy' includes US$714 million for development funding

On November 27, 2022 Canada launched its new 'Indo-Pacific Strategy,' which presents a comprehensive strategic program to deepen Canada’s engagement, support sustainable development, and strengthen economic growth in the Indo-Pacific region from 2022-2032.

The plan included an investment of almost CA$2.3 billion (US$1.7 million) from 2022-2026, roughly CA$960 million (US$714 million) of which was allocated to development funding. 

The strategy included five interconnected strategic objectives, the two most relevant to international development being "investing in and connecting people" and “building a sustainable and green future.” Development funding in the strategy included:

  • CA$52 million (US$39 million) over five years for a Disaster Risk and Resilience Support project to support Indo-Pacific countries’ national climate adaptation strategies; and
  • CA$33 million (US$25 million) over five years for the Feminist International Assistance Canadian Civil Society Call for Proposals to support civil society organizations’ efforts to protect human rights, strengthen civil society, and advance gender equality projects in the region. 

Press release - Global Affairs Canada

Press release - Global Affairs Canada

Donor countries pledge over US$150 million for 'Grain from Ukraine Initiative'

On November 26, 2022, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky announced the 'Grain from Ukraine Initiative,' which seeks to facilitate the delivery of 125,000 tons of grain to nations facing food insecurity and famine.

Ukraine presented the program at the G20 meeting in November 2022. The initiative aims to send up to 60 shipments of grain to low-income countries in Africa and provide food for at least 5 million people by summer 2023. Zelensky officially launched the initiative on the 90th anniversary of the Holodomor, a famine inflicted on Ukrainians by Joseph Stalin’s Soviet Union.

The announcement was accompanied by pledges from donor countries, including:

  • Canada: CA$30 million (US$22 million) via the World Food Programme (WFP);
  • France: US$20 million via the WFP, including €6 million (US$6 million) for transporting grain to Yemen and Sudan, and €14 million (US$14 million) for transportation to Somalia;
  • The Netherlands: US$4 million via the WFP;
  • Sweden: SEK 100 million (US$10 million) via the WFP;
  • The US: US$20 million; and
  • The UK: US$6 million.

In total, the initiative raised more than US$150 million and received support from more than 20 countries. 

News article - Politico

Tweet - Mark Rutte

Press release - Government of Sweden (in Swedish)

News article - Atlantico (in French)

Canada pledges US$98 million for francophone low-income countries

On November 20, 2022, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau participated in the 18th Sommet de la Francophonie, where he announced new funding initiatives totaling approximately CA$132 million (US$98 million), for French-speaking low-income countries. 

To promote sustainable development and democracy in French-speaking low-income countries, Canada announced:

  • CA$65 million (US$48 million) to support sustainable development projects in the Sahel (particularly Mali and Burkina Faso) with a focus on supporting vulnerable populations, the empowerment of women and girls, good governance and democratic resilience, and socio-economic development; and
  • CA$50 million (US$37 million) to support the ACTION project, which aims to improve economic, food, and nutritional security for Mali’s poor rural populations, especially women and youth.

On the margins of the Summit, the Prime Minister also hosted a meeting on the unstable situation in Haiti. The Prime Minister announced additional funding, including: 

  • CA$8 million (US$6 million) to meet the needs of crisis-affected Haitians, including those impacted by displacement, recent violence, chronic food insecurity, and the cholera epidemic;
  • CA$5 million (US$4 million) to strengthen Haitian authorities’ capacity to prosecute cases of corruption and economic crime, money laundering, and other offenses; and
  • CA$4 million (US$3 million) to improve access to legal aid support for victims of gender-based violence, while strengthening access to justice and combating corruption.

Press release - Prime Minister of Canada

Canada pledges US$69 million at APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting

On November 18, 2022, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau pledged nearly CA$93 million (US$69 million) to expand the capacity of Canada’s missions in the Indo-Pacific.

Trudeau made the pledge at the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Economic Leaders’ Meeting, where he announced several new funding initiatives to support the Asia-Pacific region. The pledge was part of the upcoming release of Canada’s Indo-Pacific Strategy, which aims to deepen diplomatic, development, and climate ties with regional partners.

Press release - Prime Minister of Canada

COP27 draft decision indicates progress, conflict on climate action priorities

COP27, the UN Conference of the Parties (COP), completed its last thematic day on November 17, 2022, focusing on ‘solutions.’ As the conference entered the penultimate day of negotiations, the release of a draft agreement emphasized both progress to date and the enormity of the task ahead. 

Key Statements & Discussions 

Keeping with the day’s theme of actionable commitments to decarbonization and reducing global warming, Australia’s bid to host COP31 was met with mixed reception from world leaders. While many applauded the new government’s renewed commitment to climate change, they also suggested that the government would need to stop investing in fossil fuels before a bid would be approved. 

As COP27 negotiations neared their scheduled end, a group of representatives from Canada, the EU, and the UK emphasized the need for concrete conference outcomes to the Egyptian Presidency. Delegates stressed that COP27 negotiations would need to produce coherent, actionable outcomes to be perceived as successful, and highlighted a variety of flaws and conflicts remaining in the current draft. 

The draft decision in question was 20 pages long as of Thursday, containing many placeholders as negotiations on key issues continued. Tracking from Carbon Brief indicated that the length of the document, as well as the number of remaining issues, would lead to negotiations continuing beyond COP27’s scheduled end on November 18, 2022. While the G20’s support for the 1.5 degree Celsius target somewhat preempted negotiations on the topic at COP, there has been no resolution on major points such as funding for loss and damage and reforming climate finance architecture. 

Key financial commitments 

Pledges on ‘Solutions’ day primarily focused on sustainable transportation. The UK COP26 Presidency announced several new initiatives aimed at increasing the production and use of zero-emissions vehicles (ZEV), including a ‘Global Commitment,’ backed by the US, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, South Korea, Sweden, and the UK, which will provide finance for ZEV transitions in low- and middle-income countries. Specific details on funding flows and amounts were not provided. 

Several other pledges from earlier in COP27 were also highlighted, including: 

  • €1 billion (US$1 billion) from the EU, France, Germany, the Netherlands, and Denmark to support initiatives led by the African Union (AU) focusing on climate risk data, early warning systems, mobilizing finance, and disaster risk finance on November 16, 2022; 
  • €60 million (US$62 million) from the EU to support loss and damages on November 16, 2022; 
  • €40 million (US$41 million) from Germany to support the African Development Bank’s (AfDB) Climate Action Window on November 16, 2022; 
  • US$20 million for the World Food Program (WFP) through the World Bank from Germany and the UK on November 16, 2022; and 
  • NOK 100 million (US$10 million) from Norway to support the  UN’s International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), on November 9, 2022. 


COP27 is scheduled to conclude on Friday, November 18, 2022, but negotiations may extend into the following week.  

News article – The Guardian 

News article – Reuters 

News article – The Guardian 

Press release – GOV.UK 

Transcript – European Commission 

News article – African Development Bank Group 

News article – Reliefweb 

News article – Reliefweb 

Canada announces US$1.1 billion in ODA pledges at G20 Summit

On November 16, 2022, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced approximately CA$1.4 billion (US$1.1 billion) in new funding to support the eradication of poverty, improve global health, ensure food security, protect the environment, and fight climate change.

The announcement was made at the G20 summit in Indonesia. The package included measures to help eradicate poverty and support green infrastructure, including CA$750 million (US$558 million) to significantly expand FinDev, Canada’s global effort to meet demand for infrastructure. Trudeau also promised to increase engagement in the Indo-Pacific region to help respond to the region’s significant infrastructure needs and support progress toward ending poverty and fighting climate change. 

Trudeau also announced funding to help fight climate change in Indonesia, including:

  • CA$550 million (US$409 million) to Indonesia in response to the G7 and Indonesia’s new Just Energy Transition Partnership (JETP) to accelerate its clean energy transition;
  • CA$20 million (US$15 million) to restore and protect mangroves in coastal Indonesian communities to help prevent biodiversity loss to fight climate change;
  • CA$15 million (US$11 million) to support Indonesia’s efforts to scale-up its climate change adaptation and mitigation efforts;
  • CA$10 million (US$7 million) for the Oceans for Prosperity initiative to support local communities in Indonesia by improving the sustainable management of coral reef ecosystems; and,
  • CA$3 million (US$2 million) to help Indonesia restore coastal and marine ecosystems to better adapt to and mitigate the impacts of climate change.

Finally, Canada announced new global health funding, including:

  • CA$50 million (US$37 million) to the Pandemic Fund - a new G20 initiative hosted by the World Bank - to help fill critical gaps in pandemic prevention, preparedness, and response capabilities in low- and middle-income countries;
  • CA$15 million (US$11 million) to manufacture mRNA vaccines and technologies in Africa, Asia, and Latin America; and,
  • CA$15 million (US$11 million) to increase manufacturing and equitable access to vaccines for low- and middle-income countries in the Americas.

Press release - Prime Minister of Canada

Negotiations on COP27 outcomes in full swing; 8 donors pledge US$106 million in new funding for GEF

On the Tuesday of the second week of COP27, the UN Conference of the Parties (COP), countries made commitments, both financial and political, to the Global Environment Facility (GEF). While the day was relatively quiet, participants and onlookers are becoming increasingly concerned about the outcomes of the conference. 

Key Statements & Discussions 

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) released the 2022 Nationally Determined Contributions Synthesis Report, outlining that current commitments will result in warming of 2.5 degrees Celsius by the end of the century at this year’s COP. Current Party commitments will increase emissions by 11% by 2030 compared to 2010, an improvement over last year’s assessment which estimated 14%, but nonetheless concerning. In response to the pre-2030 high-level meeting held yesterday, ministers at the meeting collectively called to ramp up climate ambition, citing 1.5 degrees as a “red line” that cannot be crossed. Global leaders, like COP26 President Alok Sharma, are increasingly concerned that this COP27 will result in a compromise on the 1.5-degree target.   

Despite growing concerns, US President Joe Biden and Chinese leader Xi Jinping sent positive signals at the coterminous G20 meeting in Bali, in which they agreed to bilateral formal talks on climate action after a three-month hiatus following US Senator Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan.  

Discussions on loss and damage continued to preoccupy negotiators. A negotiating proposal submitted to the UNFCCC by the G77 and China highlights the perspective of low- and middle-income countries and calls for the establishment of a new fund by the end of 2024 to supplement financing facilities for climate change adaptation and mitigation. Observers noted that another proposal is circulating that focuses on using two years of technical work to explore whether funding for loss and damage can be solved through existing financing institutions rather than by expanding the development finance architecture. 

In line with today’s ‘Energy’ theme, the International Energy Agency (IEA) called on countries to move away from coal, while emphasizing that solar and wind power alone are not enough to meet climate goals. Many initiatives focused on unlocking finance for African countries through national energy transition, African carbon markets, and securing adequate finance for critical energy infrastructure. Several African ministers called on the high-income countries to finance energy infrastructure for economic and social development. The call for just energy transition was supported by today’s launch of the ‘Indonesia Just Energy Transition Partnership,’ announced during the G20 summit. 

Key financial commitments

Denmark, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, and a Belgian region pledged US$106 million in new funding for the GEF. The funds will target climate adaptation needs in vulnerable countries. US$71 million will go to the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) and US$35 million to the Special Climate Change Fund (SCCF) within the GEF. Additional countries, including Belgium, Canada, France, and the US, provided political support for GEF and indicated possible future contributions.  

Germany will contribute €9 million EUR (US$9 million) in 2022 to the LDCF and €10 million (US$10 million) in 2023 to the SCCF; Sweden pledged SEK180 million (US$17 million) to the LDCF for 2022, an increase of SEK50 million (US$5 million) from funding in 2021.  

Tomorrow’s agenda

‘Biodiversity’ is on the docket tomorrow, and meetings will deal with nature-based and ecosystem-based solutions; advocates hope to mobilize support for the prevention of biodiversity loss. Discussions will also include topics like oceans, endangered species, coral reefs, plastic waste in aquatic ecosystems and linkages with climate mitigation and adaptation. In addition to ‘Biodiversity’, ‘Transport’ will also be a key theme in the afternoon.  

GEF – Press release 

GEF – Joint statement  

UNFCCC – Report  

UNFCCC – News article  

The Guardian – News article  

NewScientist – News article  

COP27 enters second week; Germany, G7 unveil ‘Global Shield’ initiative

COP27, the UN Conference of the Parties (COP), moved into its second week on November 14, 2022. While the day marked Germany’s announcement as the President of the G7of the ‘Global Shield’ climate insurance initiative, the mood surrounding the conference appeared somewhat downcast. 

Key Statements & Discussions 

Over the weekend of November 12, 2022, climate activists protested outside the Sharm el-Sheikh venue for COP27 venue, demanding that world leaders commit to reparations for loss and damage and maintaining the 1.5-degree Celsius target for adaptation efforts.  

The future of the 1.5-degree Celsius target appeared uncertain on Monday, as negotiators debated replacing the target with older language that would limit warming to ‘well below 2 degrees Celsius.’ In light of recent research illustrating the inadequacy of current initiatives to limit warming to 1.5 degrees, attempts to walk back the stricter target appeared troubling.  

Likewise, on the point of reparations, onlookers remained skeptical as the EU and US remained lukewarm on the subject of loss and damages. European Commission Vice President Franz Timmerman’s attendance at meetings on November 14, 2022, indicated the EU’s hesitance rush into funding for reparations. Timmerman emphasized that discussions on such measures would be finalized at the next COP, in Abu Dhabi, and argued that countries like China and Russia should also contribute to loss and damage funds. This stance has been voiced also by US climate envoy John Kerry ahead of the conference. 

The sentiment that wealthy countries actions are not enough overshadowed Germany and the G7’s announcement of the ‘Global Shield’ initiative on November 14, 2022, a program intended to improve insurance for countries that face damages from climate disasters. Germany announced seed funding of €170 million ($172 million) on Tuesday, November 8, 2022, and several other countries pledged a total of €40 million (US$41 million) to the initiative, including Canada, Ireland, and Denmark. However, the plan had a mixed reception as a step forward on loss and damage, to which some ‘Global Shield' funds will be allocated. However critics expressed concern regarding the plan’s feasibility. Some argued that tries especially vulnerable to climate change would pose a challenge for an insurance scheme, while others questioned the vagueness of the initiative’s design. 

In line with the day's theme of 'Water' the COP Egyptian Presidency released action plans for the Action on Water Adaptation and Resilience Initiative (AWARe) and recommendations for non-state entities to mobilize finance for loss and damages related to climate change. The day also had an additional theme of 'Gender;' however, the Presidency did not publish additional action plans or press releases on the topic.

Tomorrow’s Agenda  

November 14, 2022, was a quiet day for financial commitments, but finance architecture and restructuring are expected to feature during proceedings on Tuesday, November 15, 2022. After keeping a low profile through the start of COP27, the Australian delegation, Climate Minister Chris Bowen in particular, is expected to criticize the World Bank’s crisis response to the climate crisis and call for an overhaul of development finance infrastructure. 

Specifically, the minister is expected to call for increased spending on climate, sustainable financing to avoid increasing the debt of partner countries, and cooperation to reduce emissions globally. 

Looking ahead , the Egyptian Presidency’s themes for the day are ‘Civil Society’ and ‘Energy.’ Key sessions include a presentation on CSOs’s impact on water, energy, and food security initiatives, Just Energy Transition, and a closing session on financing energy transition, which is expected to result in commitments and actionable pledges from donor countries. 

News article – Reuters 

News article – Politico 

Tweet – Simon Evans 

News article – The Guardian 

News article – The Guardian 

News article – Deutsche Welle 

News article – The Guardian 

Canada launches US$22 million climate partnership at COP27

On November 14, 2022, at COP27, the UN Conference of the Parties (COP), Canada’s International Development Research Centre (IDRC) announced 'Step Change,' a climate partnership valued at nearly CA$29 million (US$22 million).

The new five-year initiative is in partnership with the Netherlands and will accelerate equitable locally-led adaptation to climate change in low- and middle-income countries. 

'Step Change' will support the integration of gender and social inclusion in climate policies and practices, strengthen capacity for locally-led adaptation, and improve equitable access to adaptation finance. The initiative will also apply best practices for transferring climate evidence into climate action.

The initiative builds on a previous Canada-Netherlands partnership by increasing support for the Climate and Development Knowledge Network, a global network of climate knowledge brokers. 

Press release - International Development Research Centre

Germany launches 'Global Shield against Climate Risks' at COP27

On November 14, 2022, at COP27, the UN Conference of the Parties (COP), in Sharm el-Sheik, the Vulnerable 20 Group of Finance Ministers of 58 climate-vulnerable countries (V20) and the G7 officially launched the Global Shield against Climate Risks.

The initiative aims to strengthen social protection schemes and climate risk insurance.

The Global Shield was developed under the German G7 presidency with support from the V20. The German Chancellor Olaf Scholz already announced contributions worth €170 million (US$169 million) to the Global Shield last week during his speech on the first day of COP27. €84 million (US$83 million) of the amount was dedicated as core funding to Global Shield; the remaining €86 million (US$85 million) was provided for climate risk finance instruments. Additional core contributions to the Global Shield were committed by France, Canada, Ireland, and Denmark.

The Global Shield will begin implementation after COP27 and will be steered by a Global Shield High-Level Consultative Group, consisting of representatives of the V20, G7, G20, think tanks, civil society, multilateral organizations, and the private sector.

Press release – V20

News article – Deutsche Welle

Canada announces additional US$184 million development funding at ASEAN summit

From November 12-13, 2022, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau participated in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Summit, where he announced over CA$244 million (US$184 million) in new development funding to support projects in the Indo-Pacific. 

The new initiatives and funding announced by Canada support broad development needs, climate finance, and gender equality initiatives. The commitments included:

  • CA$100 million (US$75 million) of Feminist International Assistance Policy development funding to support development initiatives in the Indo-Pacific;
  • CA$33 million (US$25 million) announced at the Women, Peace, and Security (WPS) roundtable to support civil society organizations delivering development assistance in the Indo-Pacific, with a focus on promoting gender equality and inclusion;
  • CA$84 million (US$63 million) for the new 'Shared Ocean Fund,' which will support a healthy marine environment in the Indo-Pacific region;
  • CA$14 million (US$11 million) to expand the Canada-ASEAN Scholarships and Educational Exchanges for Development (SEED) program. This will support over 800 new scholarships in low- and middle-income Indo-Pacific countries; and
  • CA$13 million (US$10 million) to the ASEAN-Canada Plan of Action Trust Fund.

Press release - Prime Minister of Canada

Press release - Prime Minister of Canada

Canada announces US$18 million climate funding at COP27

On November 9, 2022, at COP27, the UN Conference of the Parties (COP), Canada announced initiatives totaling CA$24 million (US$18 million) to address the climate finance needs and priorities of low-income countries.

The initiatives will support three categories of climate finance: loss and damage, access to climate finance, and climate governance. Initiatives include:

  • Over CA$7 million (US$5 million) to the Global Shield Financing Facility to help make climate-vulnerable countries more resilient and protect the most vulnerable, including women and girls;
  • CA$5 million (US$4 million) to the Climate Finance Access Network to expand its work with climate-vulnerable countries. The Network builds vulnerable countries’ capacity to secure public and private finance for climate mitigation and adaptation;
  • CA$5 million (US$4 million) to support the Initiative for Climate Action Transparency in building institutional capacity for low-income countries to advance their Nationally Determined Contribution implementation and transparency; and
  • A renewed contribution of CA$6 million (US$5 million) to the Climate Technology Centre and Network to promote the accelerated development and transfer of climate technologies for energy-efficient, low-carbon, and climate resilient development.

The new funding announcements are part of Canada's 2021 commitment to double climate finance to CA$5.3 billion (US$4.0 billion) by 2026. Over the next five years, Canada intends to focus its international climate finance on four main thematic priorities: clean energy transition and coal phase-out, climate-smart agriculture and food systems, nature-based solutions and biodiversity, and climate governance.

Press release - Environment and Climate Change Canada

COP27 begins with notable absences, finance gaps, modest pledges

As world leaders gathered in Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt on November 6-7, 2022, for COP27, the UN Conference of the Parties (COP), talk of absences and finance gaps took center stage. 

While UK Prime Minister Rishi Sunak walked back his initial statement that he would not be attending the conference, attendees and observers alike commented on the absence of large-scale producers of carbon emissions, namely China, India, and Russia, which have not confirmed plans to attend the event. Spain’s Ecological Transition Minister Teresa Ribera commented on the absence, expressing regret that geopolitical tensions might hinder cooperative adaptation in the face of climate change. US President Biden was also not present at the World Leaders Summit, but will attend the latter half of the first week, following the US midterm elections. 

In addition to physical absences, gaps in climate finance were a major point of discussion leading up to COP27. Ahead of the event, an October 2022 report by Oxfam Canada found that donor countries inflated their reported climate finance contributions by approximately US$40 billion in 2020, and called on donor countries to commit to providing grant-based ODA and reform their accounting practices. 

Similarly, on the second day of the conference, a report by Carbon Brief, a UK think-tank focusing on environmental and climate issues, found the US, Canada, and UK to be US$32.2 billion, US$3.3 billion, and US$1.4 billion, respectively, of their ‘fair-share’ of the US$100 billion annual climate finance commitment, an amount calculated relative to the countries’ historic CO2 emissions.  

However, the first days of COP27 yielded modest results both in terms of commitments and the direction of the event’s agenda. Despite historic resistance by some donors, such as the US and EU, government leaders committed to discussing finance for loss and damage, with deputy chair of the Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS) Conrod Hunte calling for the creation of a ‘Loss and Damage Response Fund’ to be mobilized by 2024. 

More concrete actions were also announced during the summit. 

EU Commission President Ursula von der Leyen announced the signing of a memorandum of understanding (MOU) between the EU and Kazakhstan for cooperation on developing sustainable supply chains of raw materials for hydrogen, batteries, and digital transition under the aegis of the EU’s Global Gateway development finance initiative.

UK Foreign Secretary James Cleverly announced funding of £108 million (US$124 million), including £95 million (US$109 million) for climate-resilient agriculture and gender equality in Nigeria and £13 million (US$15 million) to support climate adaptation in vulnerable countries through the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change’s (UNFCCC) Santiago Network. Cleverly also announced the allocation of £21 million (US$24 million) of a 2021 pledge to support countries experiencing climate disasters and additionally shared the UK’s plans to triple climate finance to £1.5 billion (US$1.7 billion) from 2019 levels (£500 million; US$572 million). 

News article - Donor Tracker 

News article - Euractiv 

News article - The Guardian 

News article - Donor Tracker 

News article -  Japan Times 

Press release - European Commission 

Press release - Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office 

Canada announces US$8 million to address gender-based violence; sexual, reproductive health rights in Jamaica

On November 7, 2022, Canadian Minister of International Development Harjit Sajjan announced CA$10 million (US$8 million) in new funding for programs to reduce gender-based violence (GBV) and advance sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) in Jamaica. 

The funding will support two bilateral projects.

CA$5 million (US$4 million) will go to Jamaica’s Bureau of Gender Affairs WE-Talk project. The project will be funded through Oxfam Canada, and will work with local women’s advocacy organizations, including WMW and CariMan, on a combination of research, stakeholder engagement, communications campaigns, and capacity building.

CA$5 million (US$4 million) will support SAIL (Strengthening Access, Inclusion and Leadership for Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights). The funding will be channeled through Canadian partner Alinea International to improve SRHR education in Jamaica. The project will work to support SRHR awareness among adolescent girls, women, the LGBTQ+ community, sex workers, health services providers, educators, parents, and decision-makers. 

Twitter - High Commission of Canada to Jamaica

Speech - Minister of International Development

Canada allocates US$40 million of previous commitment to winterization in Ukraine

On October 28, 2022, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau attended the 'XXVII Triennial Congress of Ukrainian Canadians,' where he announced new measures to support the people of Ukraine.

In preparation for the winter of 2022, the Prime Minister announced that Canada will allocate CA$55 million (US$40 million) in previously announced funding through several international partners to support winterization initiatives, including providing shelter and distributing essential items such as clothing, heating appliances, and fuel.

The Prime Minister also announced that Canada will issue a five-year Ukraine Sovereignty Bonds program, which will help the government continue providing essential services, like pensions, and fuel before winter. This builds on Canada’s CA$2.0 billion (US$1.5 billion) in financial assistance to Ukraine in 2022.

Finally, the Prime Minister announced a new initiative to help Ukraine preserve and rebuild its science and research capacity. The program will be called the 'Canada-Ukraine Science Partnership,' and will invite up to 20 Ukraine-based scientists to come work and live in Canada.

Press release - Prime Minister of Canada

Canadian think tank calls for new priorities in education ODA to South Asia

An October 24, 2022 op-ed by Canada’s Institute for Research on Public Policy (IRPP) argued that Canada should reassess its priorities for education development spending in South Asia.

The op-ed called for the prioritization of projects run by NGOs and other non-state actors over bilateral and multilateral transfers to host governments. 

The IRPP argued that the system of transfers to host countries failed to improve education outcomes over the last decade and yielded poor results overall, and called for new approaches. The op-ed used the bridge schools piloted by BRAC, a large NGO in Bangladesh with the capacity to undertake major education projects, as a case study which yielded clear learning outcomes and results.

The IRPP noted that while per-capita income increased in South Asia since 2000, the majority of students are still not learning foundational literacy and numeracy skills, making it difficult for these youth to access higher-wage jobs. Instead of allocating education assistance primarily through host government education ministries, funding could be maximized via projects like the BRAC non-formal education programme (NFPE) and equivalent projects with other non-state actors. 

Op-ed - Institute for Research on Public Policy

Oxfam study finds near US$40 billion discrepancy between reported, actual climate finance

An October 2022 Oxfam report found that many high-income countries use dishonest and misleading accounting to inflate – by as much as 225% in 2020 – their climate finance contributions to low-income countries. 

Oxfam estimated that the 'true value' of climate finance provided by donor countries in 2020 fell between US$21 billion and US$24.5 billion, against a reported figure of US$68.3 billion and a pledged amount of US$100 billion.

Oxfam suggested the discrepancy resulted from loans being reported at face value, ignoring repayment, interest, and other factors. Loans currently make up 70% of public climate finance, which exacerbates the debt crisis across low-income countries, which are the least responsible for the climate crisis. 

The report cited donor countries including Australia, Canada, the EU, Germany, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, the US, and others, and called on the countries to use the upcoming COP27 climate talks to urgently commit to scaling up grant-based support for vulnerable countries and reform reporting practices. 

Report - Oxfam Canada

Canadian NGOs raise US$11 million for Pakistan flood relief

Canada’s 'Humanitarian Coalition,' an alliance of 12 leading Canadian NGOs, held a public fundraiser to support flood relief efforts in Pakistan on October 5, 2022. The fundraiser raised a total of CA$15 million (US$11 million).

The CA$15 million (US$11 million) raised included nearly CA$8 million (US$6 million) from public donations and nearly CA$8 million (US$6 million) matched by the Government of Canada. The funds will help provide food, water, health care, and other urgent and essential support to victims of the recent devastating flooding in Pakistan. 

Twitter - Humanitarian Coalition

Canada’s IDRC supports report on forced displacement, knowledge localization

Canada’s International Development Research Centre (IDRC) supported a special issue about localizing knowledge production on forced displacement in Oxford University’s Forced Migration Review

The report, titled 'Knowledge, Voice and Power,' was produced with support from IDRC and in partnership with the Local Engagement Refugee Research Network (LERRN) at Carleton University, and is intended to amplify the voices of individuals with lived experiences of displacement.

The report addresses a critical gap in research; namely, that while low- and middle-income countries host the vast majority of globally displaced populations, most research guiding policies on refugees comes from donor countries. This report provides insight into personal experiences of forced displacement and seeks to give local perspectives to inform local, national, and global responses and help identify long-lasting solutions.

Report - International Development Research Centre

Oxfam report highlights shortcomings of climate ODA to West Africa

A September 2022 Oxfam Canada report showed that donor countries have mobilized only 7% of the estimated US$198.9 billion that West African countries need by 2030 to cope with the climate crisis.

Furthermore, donors have fallen far short of repeated promises to mobilize US$100 billion a year for climate action in low- and middle-income countries.

The new report, Climate Finance in West Africa, also found that 62% of the US$11.7 billion declared by donors between 2013 and 2019 took the form of loans. The report warned against the use of loans, as their repayment with interest could aggravate debt crises in many West African countries.

As a result of the report's findings, Oxfam called on donor countries, including the EU, France, US, Canada, Germany, Norway, Sweden, Spain, Japan, Italy, the Netherlands, among others, to urgently increase their climate financing and honor their promises, in addition to calling for funds to be distributed as grants rather than loans.

Report - Oxfam Canada