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G7 foreign and development ministers' agenda focuses on gender equality through education, ending gender-based violence

The UK hosted a G7 meeting in London on May 4-5, 2021, that put women and girls at the center of the agenda with a focus on the three E’s: education, empowerment, and ending gender-based violence.

Foreign and development ministers from the G7 countries (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the US, and the UK, plus the EU) met for their first in-person meeting in two years. The foreign ministers from Australia, India, South Africa, South Korea, as well as the chair of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), were invited to some of the talks as guests.

The G7 foreign and development ministers agreed to a new goal of sending 40 million more girls from low-and middle-income countries to school over the next five years and helping 200 million more girls read by the age of 10. 

They also agreed to provide a US$15.0 billion two-year package to help women in low-income countries build resilient businesses and respond to the economic impacts of COVID-19. The funding will be provided through the 2X Challenge, a partnership between G7 Development Finance Institutions (DFIs) that was originally launched in 2018. The 2X Challenge focuses on providing finance and support to female-owned and staffed businesses or to businesses that provide products or services that particularly benefit women.

The G7 ministers also called for women’s rights organizations at local, national, and international levels to be actively included in decision-making on the COVID-19 recovery, and the ministers committed to working to prevent and eliminate gender-based violence through increased support to programs aimed at addressing this issue.

Press release - UK government

News article - BCC

News article - The Guardian

As COVID-19 outbreak ravages India, Germany flies in medical experts, US$60 million in supplies

A German military aircraft arrived in India on May 1, 2021, delivering 120 ventilators and a team of 13 medical experts. This delivery marked the start of Germany's promised support with €50 million (US$60 million) worth of supplies for India in combating the deadly outbreak of of COVID-19 infections in recent weeks.

The team of 13 experts will set up and operate mobile oxygen production units over the next two weeks and support the Indian Red Cross Society on site. The German Foreign Minister, Heiko Maas, said that Germany will provide further supplies needed by India to fight the rapidly escalating outbreak, and Maas emphasized the deep Indian-German friendship.

Germany is among many countries, including the US and the UK, that has been providing support for India over the last few days, mostly in the form of oxygen, drugs, and personal protective equipment.

According to the EU Commission President, Ursula von der Leyen, the EU has started to pool resources provided by member states via the EU Civil Protection Mechanism to respond to India’s request for support. The EU Civil Protection Mechanism was set up in 2001 by the European Commission for emergency cases in which response capabilities of a country were overwhelmed and coordinated support by other countries was needed.

News article - Deutsche Welle

News article - Deutsche Welle

Commitments to German financial development cooperation at record high in 2020

The Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau (KfW) Bankengruppe, the German state-owned investment and development banking group, announced commitments worth €12.4 billion (US$14.9 billion) in 2020 for development projects in low- and middle-income countries.

Of the €12.4 billion (US$14.9 billion), €4.0 billion (US$4.8 billion) was channeled to the Emergency COVID-19 Support Program of the Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). Within the framework of this program, the BMZ’s commitment to pandemic response, food supply, social security, and stabilization of crisis regions has been expanded.

The KfW Development Bank, a part of the KfW banking group and main actor in German financial development cooperation, increased its commitment by €2.0 billion (US$2.4 billion) up to €11.0 billion (US$13.2 billion) in 2020 compared to 2019. This increase is largely due to its efforts in the fight against the COVID-19 crisis. New commitments in 2020 towards programs with a regional focus in Africa and the Middle East increased by nearly 50% compared to 2019, amounting to €5.2 billion (US$6.2 billion) in 2020. Initiatives on environmental and climate protection remained a thematic focus of the KfW Development Bank and new commitments toward that amounted to €4.4 billion (US$5.3 billion) in 2020.

The Deutsche Investitions- und Entwicklungsgesellschaft (DEG) is a KfW subsidiary, which finances and advises private sector enterprises operating in low- and middle-income countries. In 2020, the DEG provided €1.4 billion (US$1.7 billion) to private sector enterprises with a regional focus on Africa and Asia and a thematic focus on environmental and climate protection, as well as on COVID-19 response offers in the form of short-term liquidity support.

In 2021, besides the focus on pandemic response and environmental and climate protection, digital transformation in low- and middle-income countries will gain more relevance in both the KfW Development Bank’s and DEG’s work. Digitalization can be utilized to improve development processes in low- and middle-income countries in terms of efficiency, pace, and sustainability, said the CEO of the KfW banking group, Günther Bräunig.

Press release - KfW

COVID-19 crisis has hampered fight against malaria, warns German development minister

Speaking on World Malaria Day on April 25, 2021, the German Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development, Gerd Müller, warned that preventing the spread of malaria has been negatively impacted by the COVID-19 crisis and that more attention is needed to fight malaria.

Müller noted that malaria deaths in 2020 had increased by 100,000 compared to previous years’ rates. The main drivers for this increase included the shift of essential medical resources and healthcare workers to the fight against COVID-19 and disruptions in supply chains, said Müller.

The number of malaria patients receiving treatment decreased in 2020 by 60% in Asia and by 15% in Africa since the beginning of the pandemic. Malaria infections are often fatal, especially for children, but can be prevented and treated by mosquito nets, pesticides, and drugs. However, access to these resources has been limited due to supply shortfalls caused by the ongoing pandemic.

In recognition of the pandemic’s disruption of malaria treatment, the German government channeled an additional €140 million (US$170 million) to the Global Fund to Fight Aids, Tuberculosis and Malaria in 2021.

News article – Deutsche Welle (in German)

Press release – Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (in German)

At US climate summit, Germany recommits to climate goals, applauds Biden’s efforts on emission reductions

On April 22-23, 2021, German Chancellor Angela Merkel attended the virtual climate summit convened by US President Joe Biden. At the event, attended by 40 heads of state, Biden, who rejoined the Paris Agreement on climate on his first day in office, announced that the US aims to cut carbon emissions by 50-52% by 2030.

Merkel and the German Minister of Economic Cooperation and Development, Gerd Müller, celebrated the news that the US government would once again take a leadership role in the international fight against the climate emergency.

Germany welcomes the US’ commitments to reduce emissions, Merkel said, and Germany will continue its contribution to reaching the binding EU goal of a 55% reduction in emissions by 2030.

Merkel also highlighted the higher-income nations’ commitment to mobilize US$100.0 billion each year until 2020 to support low-income countries in adapting to climate change and said she believes this agreement should be extended at least until 2025.

Müller also emphasized the relevance of joint international action in climate protection, including the US as a leading nation, but criticized the slow implementation of an international energy transition. Müller also pointed to the high-income nations’ responsibility to further invest in global climate protection measures, since low-income countries will be the most affected by the consequences of the climate crisis.

Press release - German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (in German)

News article - deutschland.de

News article - Handelsblatt (in German)

UK launches International Pandemic Preparedness Partnership, provides additional US$21 million to CEPI

The UK government has formed a new International Pandemic Preparedness Partnership (PPP) tasked with advising the UK G7 Presidency on how the global community can better protect lives in future pandemics.

The public-private partnership brings together 20 members representing industry, international organizations, and leading experts, and it will be chaired by the UK government’s Chief Scientific Advisor, Sir Patrick Vallance.

The PPP will deliver a roadmap to G7 leaders at their June 2021 summit in Cornwall, UK for how to protect people against future pandemics, with a particular focus on how to reduce the time for developing and distributing new vaccines from 300 days to 100 days. 

The UK will provide additional funding of £16 million (US$21 million) to the Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) to support the development and supply of vaccines globally.

Press release - UK government

Canada among 29 countries to condemn human rights violations against LGBTI people in Chechen Republic

Canada, among 29 co-signatories, has called on the Russian Federation "to launch an effective, impartial, and transparent inquiry into the systematic persecution of LGBTI persons in Chechnya and to end impunity for its perpetrators."

A report published in 2018 by the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) found strong evidence that Chechnya was engaging in "successive purges against LGBTI persons". LGBTI people in Chechnya face "systematic harassment, persecution, arbitrary arrests and detentions, torture, enforced disappearances and extra-judicial killings". Since the release of the report, Russia has failed to implement changes or respond to these human rights violations, and new human rights violations against LGBTI people and opponents of Chechen leadership continue to be discovered, said the joint statement.

The following countries also signed this statement: Albania, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Cape Verde, Chile, Costa Rica, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Malta, The Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States of America.

Press release - Global Affairs Canada

German Development Minister calls for European investment plan to support Africa in becoming “green continent”

In an interview with the German newspaper, Focus, the German Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development, Gerd Müller, pointed to the importance of conceptualizing climate protection and development together. According to Müller, the African continent can play a prominent leading role in the fight against the climate crisis by using renewable energy sources in the continent's ongoing economic development.

An efficient fight against the climate crisis can only be pursued with a global turnaround in energy policy, Müller said. If the 600 million people without access to electricity on the African continent are provided with electricity through coal-fired plants, we will never achieve our climate goals.

Müller called for a European investment plan to support Africa in becoming “the green continent of renewable energy”. To this end, green hydrogen would be an important source, Müller said, which can be produced most efficiently in countries with high solar power.

Green hydrogen production plants are currently being built with German support in Tunisia, South Africa, and Brazil. According to Müller, this not only creates attractive job opportunities for young people but also enables a “quantum leap” on the path to a global energy transition.

Müller also called on the EU to extend its Green Deal with an African-focused component, including investments in renewable energy and climate adaptation measures 

News article - Focus Online (in German) 

German Development Minister criticizes projected ODA decline, says funding levels must remain high to address economic, health, and food insecurity crises

Newly-released Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) numbers show that the official development assistance (ODA) from the OECD's Development Assistance Committee (DAC) members reached a record high of US$161.2 billion in 2020, a significant portion of which was used for fighting the COVID-19 crisis in low-income countries. Germany, one of the DAC members, contributed US$28.4 billion in 2020.

In an interview, German Federal Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development, Gerd Müller, praised Germany for reaching its 0.70% ODA-to-GNI goal this year but criticized the projected decline of German ODA in the upcoming years, due to plans to increase spending on in-country spending on economic recovery.

Germany should maintain 2020's high ODA level, Müller said, to address the burgeoning economic, health, and food insecurity crises triggered by the pandemic. The German mid-term financial plan for 2023-2025, which includes a decrease in ODA of 25% between 2021 and 2025, does not appear to take into account these increased funding needs, he said.

News article - Deutsche Welle (in German) 

Press release - Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (in German)  

UK announces members of newly formed Gender Equality Advisory Council for G7

The UK government, which holds the Presidency of the G7 (Group of Seven) this year, has published the full list of members for its newly created Gender Equality Advisory Council (GEAC). 

The GEAC was created in order to ensure that the G7 puts women at the center of their "build back better" agenda following the COVID-19 crisis. 

The Council is comprised of 19 members selected from each of the G7 countries and beyond. Members reflect a commitment to democracy and women’s empowerment, and many are drawn from the realm of science, technology, engineering, and medicine. 

The Council will publish an independent report with recommendations for how the G7 can ensure that women are at the heart of recovery efforts.

Press release - UK government

Pandemic spending brought global foreign assistance to all-time high in 2020, but "much greater effort" needed, says OECD

The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development's (OECD) Development Assistance Committee (DAC) released the preliminary data on its official development assistance (ODA) flows for 2020. Spending on COVID-19 relief pushed foreign assistance to an all-time high in 2020 (US$161.2 billion, +3.5% from 2019), but the OECD says funds are still insufficient.

Although governments internationally have provided the equivalent of US$16.00 trillion in COVID-19 stimulus measures, just 1% of that spending has been mobilized to help low-income countries respond to the COVID-19 crisis, said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría. A "much greater effort" is needed to support vaccine distribution and health services and to support the income and livelihoods of the world’s most vulnerable people, he said.

The data showed that in 2020, 22% of bilateral ODA was provided as "non-grants" (loans or equity investments), an increase of 17% from previous years and a 39% increase from 2019 levels. By income group, flows to low-income countries decreased by 4% compared to 2019 while ODA to lower-middle- and upper-middle-income countries increased by 7% and 36%, respectively. These trends imply that part of the ODA increase in 2020 is due to loans to middle-income countries at a time when debt relief is increasingly discussed, with the World Bank and International Monetary Fund recently calling for greater assistance to middle-income countries for tackling debt and the climate crisis.

Some of the donor-specific information includes the following:

  • Australia's ODA decreased by 11% due to cuts to bilateral assistance;
  • Canada's ODA increased by 8% due to heightened climate financing and in-country refugee costs;
  • EU Institutions saw a 25% increase in ODA due to a significant amount of additional funds for COVID-19 related activities and with sovereign lending increasing by 136% in real terms over 2019;
  • France's ODA increased by 11% due to an increase in its bilateral assistance and funding for COVID-19, including through lending;
  • Germany's ODA increased by 14% due primarily to the mobilization of additional ODA resources to fight the pandemic;
  • Italy's ODA decreased by 7% due to a drop in bilateral grants as well as in-country refugee costs;
  • Japan's ODA increased by 1% due to heightened bilateral lending;
  • The Netherlands' ODA decreased by 3% due to a loss of gross national income (GNI), as ODA levels were set based on maintaining the previous year's ODA-to-GNI ratio (0.59%);
  • Norway's ODA increased by 8% due to a rise in health-related ODA and contributions to the Green Climate Fund;
  • South Korea's ODA decreased by 9% due to cuts in its overall assistance program;
  • Spain's ODA decreased by 2% due to decreases in bilateral assistance;
  • Sweden's ODA increased by 17% due to heightened contributions to the Green Climate Fund;
  • The UK's ODA decreased by 10%, driven by the decrease in GNI while meeting the ODA to GNI ratio of 0.7%; and
  • The US' ODA increased by 5% due to increased contributions to multilateral organizations.

Press release - OECD

ODA 2020 detailed summary - OECD

More information - OECD

To prevent "vaccine apartheid", former UK Prime Minister calls for G7 to temporarily waiver COVID-19 vaccine patents and endorse international vaccine levy to raise US$30.0 billion per year

Gordon Brown, former UK Prime Minister, has called on the G7 (Group of Seven) to take action to ensure equitable access to the COVID-19 vaccine.  

Brown argued that wealthy countries, which make up only 18% of the world’s population, have bought up 60% of all confirmed vaccine orders (4.6 billion doses) and that this is leading to "vaccine apartheid" that threatens to leave COVID-19 spreading, mutating, and impacting everyone for years to come.

Brown stated that an additional US$30.0 billion is required each year to help countries to pay for COVID-19 vaccine doses and distribution. He recommended that the G7 undertake three key actions in order to bring down costs down and raise new funds:

  1. Set a temporary waiver of COVID-19 vaccine patents to enable low- and lower-middle-income countries to build up their manufacturing capacity at a lower cost;
  2. Set an international levy to raise funds based on a country's fair share similar to the levy that the UN agreed on in the 1960s to fund smallpox eradication—countries pay according to their abilities, measured by their national incomes, debts owed, and levels of wealth and poverty; and
  3. Provide an additional US$2.0 billion to the International Finance Facility for Immunisation (IFFIm) in the form of guarantees from rich countries, along with a fraction of that amount in grants—this would enable IFFIm to raise four times as much for a special vaccination facility which would be managed by the multilateral development banks.  

News article - The Guardian

Germany applauds extension of debt moratorium, expansion of special drawing rights for sustainable global COVID-19 recovery

At the World Bank Spring Meetings on April 9, 2021, Norbert Barthle, the Parliamentary State Secretary of the German Development Ministry, welcomed the extension of the G20 Debt Moratorium Initiative until the end of 2021, which will grant low-income countries additional time to repay borrowed funds.

Barthle expressed support for the G20 agreement to renew Special Drawing Rights (SDR) worth US$650.0 billion to member countries. This decision releases additional foreign currency reserves to finance national COVID-19 vaccine campaigns and future investments for low-income countries’ sustainable development.

Barthle emphasized Germany’s support of the Green, Inclusive, Resilient Development (GRID) agenda by the World Bank Group (WBG) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to assure a global recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic. The GRID agenda has been set out by the Development Committee of the WBG and IMF and focuses on financial and technical approaches to resume the progress of long-term global development and economic growth while also responding to the issues of climate change, poverty, and growing inequalities.

The Development Committee pointed out that global organizations’ partnerships and international cooperation between governments and the private sector are an essential aspect of the GRID agenda – especially for the global access and deployment of COVID-19 vaccines.

Press release - BMZ

Press release - The World Bank

Germany contributes US$2.1 billion at donor conference for Syrian crisis

On March 30, 2021, at the fifth Brussels Conference on 'Supporting the Future of Syria and the Region', Germany has pledged €1.7 billion (US$2.1 billion) for the Syrian population suffering from the ongoing conflict in Syria.

Of this, around €1.1 billion (US$1.3 billion) are provided by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, €665 million (US$804 million) come from the Federal Foreign Office. In his statement, German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas called on the Syrian regime to make serious efforts to establish peace in the country. At the same time, Maas declined German participation in the reconstruction of areas controlled by the regime, as long as there is no “substantial political process”. 

Given the devastating humanitarian situation in Syria, humanitarian organizations, among them the German charity Caritas, have called on donor countries to support reconstruction projects in areas controlled by Syrian President Bashar Assad’s government.

International donors pledged a total of US$6.4 billion, short of the US$10.0 billion that was being sought by the conference's co-hosts—the EU and the UN. The raised funding will go toward humanitarian relief within Syria and the support of refugee camps in the region.

Press release – Federal Foreign Office

News article – Deutsche Welle

World leaders join European Council President and WHO Director-General in calling for international pandemic treaty

World leaders joined European Council President Charles Michel and World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus in signing an op-ed calling for a new international pandemic treaty to ensure improved global pandemic preparedness and response for future potential health crises. 

The op-ed acknowledged that no country or multilateral agency could address the COVID-19 pandemic—or future pandemics—alone and that the current crisis serves as a reminder that no one is safe until everyone is safe. The treaty would encourage an “all-of-government and all-of-society approach” at all levels to enhance cooperation on a variety of preparedness and response measures. It would fortify mutual accountability and use a 'One Health' approach that looks at human health not as an isolated entity, but rather as intertwined with the health of animals and our planet. 

The heads of states highlighted the role that the Access to COVID-19 Tools Accelerator (ACT-A) has played in fighting the pandemic, as well as the lessons it has provided, including the need for stronger partnerships for equitable access to treatment and vaccines globally.

Leaders from the following countries signed the treaty: Fiji, Thailand, Portugal, Italy, Romania, the UK, Rwanda, Kenya, France, Germany, Greece, South Korea, Chile, Costa Rica, Albania, South Africa, Trinidad and Tobago, the Netherlands, Tunisia, Senegal, Spain, Norway, Serbia, Indonesia, and Ukraine.

Press release - Council of the EU

Press release - WHO

News article - Euractiv

German development budget set to decrease, according to newly published financial plan

At a press conference on March 24, 2021, the German Federal Minister of Finance, Olaf Scholz, presented the budget caps for the 2022 federal budget bill and individual ministerial budgets, as well as the medium-term financial plan for 2023-2025.

Germany’s overall budget will stand at €419.8 billion (US$507.8 billion) in 2022, thus decreasing by 23% compared to 2021. According to the budget caps, the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development’s (BMZ’s) budget for 2022 is set to stand at €10.8 billion (US$13.1 billion)—a decrease of 13% compared to 2021 levels (which included €1.6 billion (US$1.9 billion) in additional COVD-19 funds). However, in a press release, Development Minister Gerd Müller has stated that €1.5 billion (US$1.8 billion) in additional COVID-19 related funding will come on top of the 2022 BMZ’s budget, which would, thus, increase to a total of €12.3 billion (US$14.9 billion). This would put the BMZ’s 2022 budget on par with the 2021 budget levels.

In 2023, 2024, and 2025, the BMZ’s budget levels will decrease to €9.3 billion (US$11.3 billion) in 2023 and €9.2 billion (US$11.1 billion) in 2024 and 2025, respectively, according to the medium-term budget planning. Müller criticized the decrease, stating that the benchmark figures must be adjusted to meet the great challenges lying ahead. However, the publication of the budget caps marks only the first step in Germany’s budgetary process, and due to the ongoing COVID-19 crisis, the budget caps are still volatile and are subject to change.

In the press conference, Scholz announced a further debt-financed supplementary budget for 2021 of €60.0 billion (US$72.6 billion), which will raise this year’s net borrowing figure to more than €240.0 billion (US$290.3 billion) due to the COVID-19 crisis. The majority of the supplementary funds are intended to provide additional short-term assistance for companies as well as to further fund the German Health Ministry's vaccine campaign. 

Press release – Federal Ministry of Finance (in German)

Press release – Federal Ministry of Finance (in German)

G7 Finance Ministers agree to new financial support package for low-income countries

The G7 Finance Ministers, led by the UK Chancellor of the Exchequer, Rishi Sunak, have announced that they will back a new allocation of the International Monetary Fund's (IMF’s) special draw rights (SDRs) to boost member reserves and enable much-needed liquidity to vulnerable countries. The deal still needs a stamp of approval from G20 and the IMF’s Financing Committee.

As part of the deal, the G7 will work with the IMF to improve the transparency and accountability around the usage of SDRs. They will also explore how richer countries can recycle their SDR holdings to further help low-income countries and come up with some options for how to do this.

Press release - UK government

Germany and Togo announce reform partnership

On March 18, 2021, German Development Minister Gerd Müller and Togolese Foreign Minister Robert Dussey signed a declaration of intent to conclude a reform partnership. Germany's reform partnerships offer support to particularly reform-minded African countries in improving the environment for private-sector involvement to create more jobs.

With the reform partnership, Germany hopes to support Togo’s national development in the finance and economic sectors, according to Müller. In the World Bank's "Doing Business" index for 2020, Togo ranks third among the "top reformers" countries in the world. To qualitatively elevate and accelerate this trend, Togo and Germany will jointly identify common objectives and indicators in the coming months, especially in the field of renewable energy, domestic value chains, and vocational trainings for youth. At the same time, Germany has clear expectations of the Togolese government: democracy, the rule of law, the fight against corruption, and respect for human rights would be basic requirements for the planned reform partnership, Müller said.

In June of 2017, Germany's first reform partnerships were concluded with Tunisia, Ghana, and Côte d'Ivoire. Further partnerships have since been established with Senegal, Ethiopia, and Morocco.

Press release – BMZ (in German)

Former European leaders in WHO expert advisory group call for "rethink" of policy to prevent future pandemics

Former European leaders on the independent Pan-European Commission on Health and Sustainable Development convened by the World Health Organization (WHO) have issued a call to action for policy reform to prevent future pandemics. 

In their report, the members of the expert advisory group called for using lessons learned from the COVID-19 crisis to fundamentally rethink policy priorities to implement a ‘One Health’ approach, address issues that have caused so many people to be vulnerable to the pandemic, make changes to the global financial system, promote global public goods for health, strengthen existing global health institutions, and support innovation in health systems. 

The group was chaired by Mario Monti—the President of Bocconi University and former Prime Minister of Italy—and included former presidents, prime ministers, ministers, CEOs, leaders of multilateral organizations, and other eminent leaders.

Report - WHO

Approximately 70% of surveyed Europeans support making COVID-19 vaccine technology public

YouGov, a global public opinion and data company, conducted a survey for the People's Vaccine Alliance, a global coalition of organizations fighting for human rights including Amnesty International and Oxfam.

82% of Italians interviewed think that the government should ask pharmaceutical companies to make public the formulation and technology to produce COVID-19 vaccines. 68% of Italians interviewed believe that the Italian government should do more to ensure that everyone receives the vaccine by 2021.

The poll was also conducted in the US, France, Germany, and the UK, and it found that on average across those countries, 69% of people thought "that governments should ensure vaccine science and know-how is shared with qualified manufacturers around the world rather than remaining the exclusive property of a handful of pharmaceutical giants and that vaccine developers should be adequately compensated for this" (69% in the US, 63% in France, 70% in Germany, and 74% in the UK). 

Presentation - YouGov (in Italian)

Press release - Oxfam International