This profile has been updated in March 2018.
Strategic priorities
  • The Trump administration strongly links development assistance to US national security concerns and economic growth.
  • US food assistance and security are priorities for FY2018, with relevant funding receiving a 7% increase from FY2017 levels, from US$1.8 billion to US$1.9 billion. Global health remains a focus area, but funding is flat overall.
  • United States Agency for International Development (USAID)'s Administrator Mark Green has presented more priorities: supporting countries in transitioning from development assistance and leadership in human rights and humanitarian assistance.
Key opportunities
  • Negotiations around the 2018 Farm Bill and the reauthorization of the 2016 Global Food Security Act present opportunities to advocate for improved and increased delivery of US food assistance.
  • The president’s FY2019 budget request introduces a new Development Finance Institution, for which strong bipartisan support is expected. Engagement around this provides an opportunity to shape a new and effective development financing tool.

Key Questions

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United States

Outlook

How will the US's ODA develop? — What will the US’s ODA focus on? — What are key opportunities for shaping the US’s development policy? read more

How will the US's ODA develop?

  • The drastic 30% cuts proposed by President Trump for FY2019 for international development and diplomacy are likely not to be fully supported by Congress. However, exact funding levels will remain unclear until Congress approves the FY2019 budget, likely sometime in Fall 2018.

  • With the lift in discretionary spending caps over two years, there is room for increases to foreign assistance for FY2019.

  • However, given the decrease in Overseas Emergency Operations funds in the February 2018 budget deal for FY2019, it will be important to secure more base funding for US foreign assistance in order to maintain FY2017 or even FY2018 levels.    


What will the US's ODA focus on?

  • Under President Trump, US ODA more strongly takes into account US national security, trade, and economic interests.

  • Health and food assistance remain among priorities for US foreign assistance. While global health funding has remained flat for FY2018, funding to the main food assistance programs gets about a 9% boost overall compared to FY2017 levels, from US$1.8 billion to US$1.9 billion.


What are key opportunities for shaping the US's development policy?

  • It is important to monitor the ongoing FY2019 appropriations process. Engagement with Congress in the course of 2018 will be important to maintain development-related funding levels in FY2019 and shape priorities.

  • Ongoing discussions around the creation of a new Development Finance Institution is a key opportunity to help shape the way the US delivers its development assistance.

  • Negotiations around the 2018 Farm Bill and the reauthorization of the 2016 Global Food Security Act present opportunities to advocate for improved and increased delivery of US food assistance.

Further readings

Government sources

Other official sources