Italy - Education

Italy’s funding for global education is increasing but remains low as a percentage of total ODA

Italy spent US$323 million on global education in 2020, according to data from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), making it the eighth largest OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) donor country to education in absolute terms. Italy’s overall funding to education decreased by US$10 million from 2019. ODA to education accounted for 7% of Italy’s total official development assistance (ODA) in 2020, but is still well below the DAC average of 10%.

In 2020, Italy provided over half of its ODA to education through multilateral organizations (58%, US$187 million). Gender equality plays a prominent role in Italy’s recent education programming guidelines. The Global Partnership for Education (GPE) is mentioned as a key partner in the guidelines, providing support for girls’ education in fragile and conflict-affected states and addressing quality of learning, as well as teacher training. Italy pledged €25 million (US$28 million) for the 2021-2025 period. 

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DGCS defines education priorities; AICS leads implementation

The Directorate-General for Development Cooperation (DGCS) within the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation (MAECI) oversees the strategic direction of Italy’s education policy. The DGCS’s office for the programming of development cooperation, its geographic offices, and the unit for multilateral cooperation are relevant actors for defining Italy’s bilateral and multilateral education policy. The Italian Agency for Development Cooperation (AICS) is in charge of program implementation. AICS’ office for ’Human Development’ is responsible for education projects.