- Sweden is the third-largest donor in terms of official development assistance (ODA) in proportion to the size of its economy, spending 0.94% (US$4.9 billion in 2016 prices) of its gross national income (GNI) on net ODA in 2016. This makes it the eighth largest donor country in absolute terms.
- Sweden has exceeded the United Nation’s (UN) 0.7% target since 1975 and maintains a long-term commitment to spend 1% of its GNI on ODA. Due to continuing economic growth, development funding is set to increase from SEK48.9 billion in 2018 (US$5.7 billion) to SEK53.0 billion in 2020 (US$6.2 billion), according to government data. Within this 1% frame, costs of hosting refugees in Sweden – which have led to funding cuts for development programs in the past - are decreasing, freeing up funding. In 2018, they are set at SEK2.8 billion (US$321 million), their lowest level in 10 years.
- Sweden’s 2016 ‘Aid Policy Framework’ outlines eight focus areas: 1) human rights, democracy, and the rule of law; 2) gender equality; 3) the environment and climate change, and the sustainable use of natural resources; 4) peace and security; 5) inclusive economic development; 6) migration and development; 7) health equity; and 8) education and research.
- Sweden’s focus on gender equality and women’s empowerment is expected to continue. Sweden’s ‘feminist foreign policy’ features sexual and reproductive health and rights as one of six objectives and drives increases in funding for global health in general.
- Sweden increasingly focuses on conflict prevention, further shifting funding to conflict-affected areas. It strongly focuses on the participation of women in mediation processes.
- The sustainable use of natural resources, marine resources, environment, and climate change is another top priority: it features as a priority sector in many new country strategies, and is reflected in multilateral engagement. Sweden is the highest per capita contributor to the Green Climate Fund.
- In the run-up to the general elections on September 9, 2018, the electoral campaign provides an opportunity to advocate for placing development issues high on the agenda. Gender equality and climate are likely to be prominent themes, given the current government’s high interest.
- The 2018 elections may lead to changes in Sweden’s priorities. While development priorities are largely rooted in long-term strategies, and therefore unlikely to change significantly in the short-term, flagship issues of the current government are more likely to be adjusted. These include the ‘feminist foreign policy’, a hallmark of the Minister for Foreign Affairs Margot Wallström, and the climate change and marine focus, a specific interest of Minister of Development and Climate Change Isabella Lövin.
the big six
- How much ODA does Sweden provide?
Sweden’s ODA is increasing, tied to its strong economy
Sweden was the eighth-largest donor country in 2016. It spent US$4.9 billion on net ODA (in 2016 prices). This corresponds to 0.94% of Sweden’s GNI, making it the third-largest donor-country in proportion to the size of its economy. Sweden is committed to spend at least 1% of its GNI on ODA and has exceeded the UN’s 0.7% target since 1975.
Between 2015 and 2016, net ODA dropped by 31%. This is, however, largely driven by a sharp decrease in the costs of hosting refugees in Sweden, which can partly be reported as ODA, as well as by advanced payments to UN organizations and contributions to the Green Climate Fund for 2016, which were already disbursed in 2015.
The 2018 budget sets ODA at an all-time high: SEK48.96 billion, or US$5.7 billion). Looking forward, the ODA budget is set to keep increasing due to Sweden’s growing economy and its 1% ODA/GNI commitment, reaching SEK53.0 billion in 2020. Most increases are currently planned within Sweden’s priority areas: gender equality, sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR): climate change: environment and marine resources: and humanitarian assistance. General elections on September 9, 2018 might reshuffle these increases, which were planned by the Social Democrats and the Greens, currently in government. During the budget debate in Parliament in the fall of 2017, the ‘Moderate party’ (conservative), currently the largest opposition party, expressed concerns about the rate of the increases and the absorption capacity necessary for their implementation. The party does, however, remain committed to the 1% spending target in the medium to long-term.
Sweden’s ODA is likely to continue increasing, driven by its strong economy and 1% ODA/GNI commitment
In 2015, Sweden received a particularly high number of asylum seekers in proportion to its population compared to other European countries (162,877 asylum applications were filed). To cover the costs of hosting refugees in the country, Sweden partly uses funds that fall under its 1% commitment for development funding. From 2015 to 2017, these costs were particularly high: they reached SEK6.3 billion in 2017 (US$736 million), according to the government’s 2018 budget proposal. For 2018, they are set at a very low SEK2.8 billion (US$321 million) and are planned to remain at a low level in the coming years.
- MFA; Feminist foreign policy, website; 2015-2018
- Swedish Government; Policy framework for Swedish development cooperation and humanitarian assistance; 2016
Other official sources
- What are Sweden's strategic priorities for development?
Focus on gender equality/ SRHR, climate/marine resources, and conflict-related spending
The Agenda 2030 and the sustainable development goals (SDGs) are central in Sweden’s policies, and the government seeks to be a leader in implementing them, both nationally and internationally. The Agenda 2030 framework is referred to in national sector policies, and there is increased ambition to report which SDGs the policies and strategies adhere to and how. In line with this overarching framework, the Swedish development policy strongly aligns with the SDGs. The government’s 2016 ‘Aid Policy Framework’ outlines the overall objectives of Swedish development cooperation and sets eight focus areas: 1) human rights, democracy, and the rule of law; 2) gender equality; 3) the environment and climate change, and the sustainable use of natural resources; 4) peace and security; 5) inclusive economic development; 6) migration and development; 7) health equity; and 8) education and research.
Women’s rights and climate change are flagship priorities of the current government
Within these eight overarching priorities, the Swedish Government places a particular focus on environmental and climate-change issues, particularly under the leadership of Isabella Lövin, Minister for International Development Cooperation and Climate. Limiting climate impact, environmental resilience, and disaster-risk reduction are core elements of the 2016 Aid Policy Framework. A special emphasis is placed on marine resources. In its ‘Strategy for development cooperation in sustainable environment, climate and marine resources, and sustainable use of natural resources’ for 2018 to 2022, published in March 2018, the government set an indicative financial envelope of SEK6.5 billion for the five-year period (US$759 million). In addition, Sweden is the largest per-capita donor to both the Green Environment Facility (GEF) and to the Green Climate Fund (GCF). Sweden has committed SEK4 billion (US$467 million) to GEF for 2016 to 2018. An additional SEK360 million (US$42 million) was added to the 2018 budget. It has pledged SEK4.9 billion (US$581 million) to GCF for the 2015 to 2018 period.
Sweden’s key development priorities:
- Gender equality and women’s empowerment: 2017-2019 ‘feminist foreign policy’ governs overarching orientation of foreign policy; SRHR is one of six objectives (SEK1.75 billion (US$204 million) allocated to SRHR in sub-Saharan Africa from 2015 to 2019)
- Conflict prevention: Funding has shifted towards conflict-affected areas. Budget allocations to the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region increased by 27% between 2015 and 2016 and are set to reach US$152 million in 2018.
- Climate change: Sweden is the largest per capita donor to GCF and GEF; strong focus on marine resources for bilateral ODA
Conflict prevention, under the overarching theme of ‘peace and security’, is also increasing in focus. Within conflict prevention, Sweden focuses particularly on women, peace and security, including training and integration of women in peace-negotiation processes. For example, it has a national action plan for the implementation of the UN Security Council Resolution 1325, a resolution that calls for increased participation of women in peace and security efforts within the UN. In addition to gender, conflict-sensitivity and resilience are systematically integrated into humanitarian assistance.
Against the backdrop of its overall ‘feminist foreign policy’ for 2015 to 2018, Sweden’s foreign policy aims to enhance both gender equality and the full enjoyment of human rights by all women and girls. Improving sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) is one of the six sub-objectives of the feminist foreign policy. Sweden’s development agency, Sida, focuses heavily on gender equality and women’s empowerment.
Democratic participation and human rights are funding priorities; more allocations towards humanitarian assistance
Sweden channels the majority of its ODA bilaterally (71% in 2016). According to OECD data, almost a quarter of bilateral ODA in 2016 went towards covering the costs of hosting refugees in Sweden (US$821 million, or 23% of bilateral ODA). In 2015, Sweden received a particularly high number of asylum seekers, especially considering the size of its population. 162,877 asylum applications were filed in 2015, compared to 81,301 in 2014 and 49,870 in 2013. Consequently, costs from hosting refugees have gone up significantly since 2014. As reported to the OECD, these costs more than doubled between 2014 and 2015, from US$907 million to US$2.4 billion, before decreasing by 66% between 2015 and 2016, reaching US$821 million.
Since 2015, the government has been using the ODA budget, among other funding sources, to cover the costs of hosting refugees in Sweden. These rising costs led the country to significantly exceed its own 1% target in 2015, when ODA reached 1.41% of GNI. As a result of Sweden’s tighter policy on immigration, which started in 2016, new arrivals in Sweden sharply decreased in 2016 and 2017. Funds from the ODA budget that had been put aside at the beginning of the year to cover these costs were reallocated to development programs. For 2018, the government has set ODA funds used to cover the costs of hosting refugees at US$321 million (SEK2,752 million, or 6% of the total ODA budget). This is their lowest level in 10 years.
The second-largest share of bilateral ODA is allocated to interventions in the ‘government and civil society’ sector (19% of bilateral ODA, or US$669 million in 2016). Around two-thirds of the funding in this area goes to projects supporting democratic participation or human rights. In this sector, Sweden relies on its civil society organizations (CSOs), as well as on international organizations and local CSOs in partner countries for the implementation of its bilateral cooperation. This is especially true for support going to countries that are not governed by democratic principles.
The third-largest share of Swedish bilateral ODA is allocated to humanitarian assistance, a traditional focus of funding in Sweden (13% of bilateral ODA, US$463 million). Funding to the sector has grown by 23% between 2015 and 2016, and is likely to continue increasing as Sweden strengthens its focus on conflict-affected areas. Sweden’s 2016 Aid policy framework makes special mention of the nexus between development cooperation and humanitarian assistance. In January 2017, the government approved a new strategy for Sida’s humanitarian assistance for 2017 to 2020, reiterating the focus of humanitarian assistance. Sweden’s humanitarian assistance also aims to strengthen the capacity and effectiveness of the humanitarian system in partner countries.
- MFA; Strategy for sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) in Sub-Saharan Africa; 2015-2019
- MFA; Strategy for sustainable peace; 2017-2022
- MFA; Strategy for sustainable economic development; 2014-2017 (in Swedish)
- MFA; Strategy for multilateral development policy; 2017-2021 (in Swedish)
- Swedish Government; Strategy for Sweden’s humanitarian aid provided through Sida; 2017-2020
- Swedish Government; Result strategy for global action on socially sustainable development; 2014-2017
- Swedish Government; Women, peace and security - National Action Plan for the implementation of the UN Security Council’s Resolutions on Women, Peace and Security; 2016-2020
Other official sources
- Who are the main actors in Sweden's development cooperation?
MFA decides on strategy, Sida executes
Currently, Prime Minister (PM) Stefan Löfvén leads a center-left minority coalition formed between the Social Democrats (S) and the Green Party (MP). As a minority coalition, the government is under great pressure from the opposition – particularly during budget negotiations – and will continue to be until the next general elections on September 9, 2018. Following the elections and coalition negotiations, a new government is expected to be formed in the beginning of October.
Since 2014, Margot Wallström (S) serves as Minister for Foreign Affairs (MFA). She previously worked as a member of the European Commission (1999-2009) and as the first-ever UN Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict (2010-2012). The MFA oversees development policy and financing and decides on core funding allocations to multilateral organizations. Within the MFA, Minister for International Development Cooperation and Climate and Deputy Prime Minister Isabella Lövin (MP), from the Green Party, heads development policy. Under her leadership, environmental issues play an important role in Sweden’s development policy. Key development-related units within the MFA include the ‘Department for International Development Cooperation’, which is responsible for overall governance and evaluation of Swedish development cooperation. It also coordinates the development of the ODA budget. It drafts the appropriation letters for the institutions funded under the ODA framework, including Sweden’s development agency Sida, which operates under the MFA. It also coordinates all thematic and strategy development for Sida.
The MFA oversees development policy and financing
Other relevant departments for policy-making within the MFA are the ‘UN Policy Department’, responsible for support through UN organizations and thematic funds, and the ‘Global Agenda Department’, which coordinates the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, including the Government Office’s work on Policy for Global Development. The Global Agenda Department also coordinates and develops the feminist foreign policy, including gender-equality issues in development cooperation.
SWEDEN'S DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION SYSTEM
Sida manages and executes development policy implementation in cooperation with civil society organizations (CSOs), consultants, and other government agencies. In 2018, Sida manages over half of Sweden’s ODA budget (SEK24.8 billion, or US$2.9 billion), in accordance with the strategies developed by Sida and the MFA for each thematic or geographic area. Sida is managed by a governing board, appointed by the Swedish government. Besides its Director-General (Carin Jämtin since June 2017), who is responsible for Sida’s operational activities, the board includes members of public administrations, of the private sector, and of the academia. Sida has 782 employees, many of whom work at Swedish embassies, and 65% of whom are women.
Sweden’s state-owned investment fund, Swedfund, supports private-sector activities aimed at promoting sustainable economic development in sectors such as energy, infrastructure, and industry. It is supervised by the Ministry for Enterprise and Innovation and provides risk capital and investment for projects that alleviate poverty in low-income countries.
Civil society organizations (CSOs) play a major role in Sweden’s development assistance. In 2016, a fifth of the country’s bilateral ODA was channeled through them (27%), which is above the average of 16% among members of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee (DAC). Sida has increased its engagement with Swedish CSOs as a way to identify new methods to deliver its bilateral programs and increase aid effectiveness. For example, Sida channels finance to organizations through ‘challenge funds’, which are focused on a desired development outcome.
Other official sources
- How is the Swedish ODA budget structured?
Sida manages just over half of Sweden’s ODA budget
The government is committed to allocating 1% of Sweden’s GNI to ODA. This share is outlined in each year’s budget, and the total of all funding sources contributing to it is referred to as the ‘ODA frame’. The 2018 budget projects the ODA frame at US$5.7 billion (in 2016 prices), or 1% of GNI.
The ‘Budget Area 7: International assistance’ covers 88% of these disbursements (SEK43 billion, or US$5 billion). The remainder consists mainly of spending to cover the costs of hosting refugees in Sweden (US$321 million, or 6% of the ODA frame), assessed contributions to the EU (US$240 million, or 4%), and management costs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA; US$49 million, or 1%).
Sida, the Swedish International Development Agency, manages 58% of financing for Budget Area 7 (US$2.9 billion in 2018), accounting for 51% of Sweden’s total ODA financing. This funding is divided between seven areas: 1) bilateral cooperation; 2) thematic cooperation; 3) humanitarian assistance; 4) funding for Swedish CSOs; 5) research cooperation; 6) capacity development and agenda 2030: and 7) information and communication. Bilateral cooperation programs are governed by regional and country strategies, which define indicative budget allocations to specific geographies, and their focus. These strategies are developed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), Sida, and the various embassies, and approved by the government. The ‘thematic cooperation’ program entails three main envelopes: 1) human rights, democracy, and the rule of law; 2) sustainable development; and 3) sustainable peace. As for country-based bilateral cooperation, each of these areas is governed by a strategy that defines spending ceilings and main funding areas.
In addition, Budget Area 7 includes the MFA’s funding lines for core contributions to UN agencies and other multilateral funds, as well as for multilateral development banks, debt relief, and ‘strategically oriented grants’ (see table for a detailed breakdown).
Overview: Sweden's 2018 ODA budget
Total Budget Area 7 (international assistance) 42,984 5,020 Sida 24,800 2,897 Bilateral cooperation 12,340 1,441 Thematic cooperation 4,845 566 Humanitarian assistance 4,050 473 Funding for Swedish CSOs 1,825 213 Research cooperation 920 107 Capacity development and agenda 203 58 493 Information and communication 16 138 MFA 15,164 1,771 Multilateral organizations (UN agencies) and funds 10,350 1,209 Multilateral development banks; debt relief 3,550 415 Strategically oriented grants 1,264 933 Other agencies 931 Administrative costs (including Sida's) 1,378 161 Other ODA costs 5,972 698 Costs of hosting refugees 2,752 321 EU contributions 2,059 240 MFA administrative costs 416 49 Other (e.g., funding for some UN agencies) 745 481 Total ODA ('ODA frame') 48,956 5,718
- What are important decision-making opportunities in Sweden’s annual budget process?
The government allocates funding to specific areas from June - August
The Swedish budget process runs over a two-year period. It starts in the year that precedes its implementation and continues during the current fiscal year; the ongoing budget can be amended in spring and autumn.
- Sida develops its draft budget: By March 1st of the year before, Sida submits its draft to the MFA. Sida’s full budget is organized by strategies consisting of regions, countries, and broad thematic priorities (such as ‘sustainable social development’). Sida’s leadership and regional departments are the main decision-makers with regard to budget requests.
- Ministry of Finance develops the ‘spring fiscal policy bill’: From March to April, on the basis of each ministry’s expenditure estimates, the Ministry of Finance develops the Spring Fiscal Policy Bill (the budget bill). It includes ministerial expenditure ceilings for the next three years.
- Government presents the spring budget bill to Parliament: In mid-April, the government submits the budget bill to Parliament. A first decision on the overall ODA volume is made. Once determined, major changes to the ODA volume are rare; the ODA budget is tied to the GNI level.
- The Parliament debates the Budget: The Parliament begins to debate the Budget in April and approves the budget bill in June. This is an important phase, as members of Parliament debate and decide on overall ODA volume.
- Minister for Development decides on specific budget lines: Over the summer, in July and August, the MFA’s Minister for International Development Cooperation and Climate allocates further funding to expenditure areas within the main ODA budget. Broad budget lines (e.g., Sida’s own budget) and allocations to specific budget items (e.g., Sida’s thematic budget line on ‘sustainable social development’) are decided at this time.
- Government presents its budget bill to Parliament: The government presents its budget bill to Parliament in mid-September (at the latest on the 20th), except during election years when this may be postponed until November 15th. Due to the elections in September 2018, the new government will not be sworn in before October. The presentation of the budget is thus delayed by a month.
Elections in 2018 will delay the budget process by around a month
- Parliament debates and amends budget bill: Debates take place from early October to early December. The Committee on Finance discusses the government’s draft expenditure ceilings for all budget areas; the Committee on Foreign Affairs may propose amendments to specific allocations within the ODA Budget Area 7. Usually, under a minority government such as the current one, the government has to negotiate closely with the opposition on the budget.
- Parliament votes on the budget bill: In mid-December, the Parliament makes the final decision on the budget bill. The government then sends its annual letter of appropriation to Sida, which specifies overall funding to Sida and the allocation of funds by regions or thematic issues.
The budget bill may also be used to divert or reallocate funds originally allotted for the current year. This happened in 2016, for example, when the government decided to use ODA funds to cover the costs of hosting refugees within Sweden. The ongoing budget can also be amended in September, when the government presents its budget bill to Parliament for the next year.
- How is Sweden’s ODA spent?
Sweden is a strong supporter of multilateral organizations, and particularly the UN system
Sweden is a strong supporter of the multilateral system. Core contributions to multilateral organizations account for slightly less than a third of Swedish ODA (29% in 2016). The Swedish government strongly advocates for un-earmarked contributions to multilateral organizations. The un-earmarked character of financing is one of three core principles outlined in its January 2018 ‘Strategy for multilateral development policy’, which defines the orientation of Sweden’s multilateral engagement and provides guidelines to the three main stakeholders for this area (the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), the Swedish International Development Agency (Sida), and Swedish embassies). The second and third principles highlight the need for a long-term perspective in engagement with a multilateral and the need to foster coordination across the multilateral system.
Within its multilateral engagement, Sweden is a strong supporter of the UN: UN agencies represent a third of the country’s core contributions to multilaterals (34% in 2016). Sweden further demonstrates support through its role as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council for 2017 to 2018. Sweden supports UN reform efforts and pushes its ‘women, peace and security’ agenda through these efforts. The World Bank (23%) and EU institutions (21%) are other large recipients of Sweden’s multilateral ODA. In addition to these core contributions, Sweden still provides a high share of ODA in the form of earmarked funding to multilateral organizations (19% in 2016, or US$976 million), reported as bilateral ODA. Oftentimes, this funding goes to thematically focused organizations and funds. For example, the two largest recipients of earmarked funding in 2016 were the Global Partnership for Education (GPE), with US$33 million, and the EU Facility for Refugees in Turkey, with US$32 million. In total, when adding up core contributions and earmarked funding, Sweden allots almost half of its total ODA to multilaterals (48% in 2016).
Sweden strongly supports multilateral organizations, especially the UN system
According to the OECD, virtually all of Sweden’s ODA consists of grants (99% in 2016). The remaining 1% (US$47 million) consists of equity investments by the MFA. Sweden channels about a fifth of its bilateral ODA through civil society organizations (CSOs; 27%), which is more than the average amongst members of the Development Assistance Committee of the OECD (DAC; 16%). The government recognizes CSOs’ key role in reducing poverty, strengthening democratic development, and supporting human rights. Since 2013, Sida has engaged in a more substantial dialogue with Swedish CSOs as a way to identify new methods to deliver its bilateral programs and increase aid effectiveness. One such method involves setting up ‘challenge funds’ in cooperation with foreign development agencies or other institutions, which allocate funds to companies and organizations through a competitive process.
Who are Sweden’s ODA recipients?
Focus is on sub-Saharan Africa, low-income countries, and increasingly on fragile states
Sweden places a priority on sub-Saharan Africa and on low-income countries. The development agency Sida has substantially reduced the number of partner countries, from 67 in 2007 to 35 in 2017, which has further strengthened the focus on sub-Saharan Africa. The high costs of hosting refugees in Sweden, as well as earmarked funding to multilaterals and funding to CSOs, are counted as bilateral ODA but cannot be allocated to specific countries and regions; this distorts OECD data about recipients of Swedish ODA (see figure below). When excluding these unallocated funds (58%), sub-Saharan Africa accounted for half of Sweden’s bilateral ODA between 2014 and 2016 (50%). The MENA region is a growing focus of bilateral cooperation, increasing from 10% in 2012 to 16% of bilateral ODA in 2016 (US$173 million to US$270 million).
Sweden focuses heavily on low-income countries: two-thirds of its bilateral ODA is allocated to these countries (when excluding unallocated funding) between 2014 and 2016. Looking forward, the focus will be increasingly on fragile states. This includes countries such as Afghanistan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, Palestine, Somalia, Sudan, and South Sudan. A focus on the nexus between humanitarian assistance and development activities is embedded in the Swedish Aid Policy Framework and is likely to increase.
How is bilateral funding programmed?
MFA decides on strategy; embassies are key players in implementation
Based on strategic guidelines set by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), Sida and Swedish embassies abroad develop strategies for countries, regions, and thematic areas. These are then further refined and approved by the government. The strategies usually cover time periods of three to seven years. Country strategies outline key sectors and provide indicative budgets for the strategy period as a whole. Outdated strategies are usually extended at the end of every year if no new strategy has been formulated.
Operational programming at the country level is based on these country strategies. Annual funding levels for each country are outlined in the three-year budget document that Sida submits to the MFA. Within this annual allocation, most embassies enjoy a high degree of independence from Sida headquarters on how to use bilateral funds. The regional departments at Sida delegate financial envelopes to the embassies on an annual basis.
- MFA; Strategy for multilateral development policy; 2017-2021 (in Swedish)
- Swedish Government; Policy framework for Swedish development cooperation and humanitarian assistance; 2016
- Swedish Government; Sweden and the Agenda 2030 - Report to the UN high-level political forum 2017 on sustainable development; 2017
Other official sources
How will Sweden's ODA develop?
- Sweden is committed to spend 1% of its GNI on ODA. Because of this and Sweden’s strong economic growth, ODA is expected to continue to increase in absolute terms. In addition, costs of hosting refugees in Sweden are much lower than in previous years, freeing up funding for development programs.
- Upcoming elections, in September 2018, may lead to changes in the funding volume for development. Currently, it is set to increase to SEK53.0 billion in 2020 (US$6.2 billion, from US$4.9 in 2016), according to the 2018 budget. Concerns have been raised about the rate of these increases in parliamentary debates by the Moderate Party (conservative).
What will Sweden's ODA focus on?
- Climate change and the environment will remain at the center of Swedish development policy, including a strong emphasis on the use of marine resources. A March 2018 strategy document outlines Sweden’s policy in this area for 2018 to 2022. A total of SEK6.5 billion is currently planned for the period (US$759 million).
- Sweden is focusing increasingly on humanitarian assistance and peace-building. In the framework of its feminist foreign policy, Sweden places a strong focus on ‘women, peace and security’, including advocating for the inclusion of women in peace processes and negotiations.
- Elections in September 2018 may lead to changes in the long-term priorities of Sweden’s development policy. The feminist foreign policy and the strong focus on climate and marine resources are flagship initiatives of the current government; although likely to remain high on the agenda independently of the elections results, the strength of the focus might change.
What are the key opportunities for shaping Sweden's development policy?
- The general elections on September 9, 2018 provide an opportunity to place international development issues high on the agenda and public debate. Gender equality and climate-related issues are likely to be prominent topics during the campaign, given the current government’s high interest in these areas.
- The ‘Results Strategy for Global Action on Socially Sustainable Development 2014-2017’ governs the funding allocations and activities of Sida in a wide range of social sectors, including global health. A new strategy is being developed in the first half of 2018. The new strategy is expected to be operational from the last quarter of 2018 onwards