Issue Deep Dive: Canada/Climate

Last updated: December 16, 2022

ODA Spending

ODA In Context

Canada focuses on the intersection between climate change and gender equality.

‘Environment and climate action’ is one of the six ‘Action areas’ outlined in Canada’s FIAP. The government is particularly concerned with the ways women and girls are disproportionately affected by climate change. The FIAP outlines three areas of focus:

  1. Supporting women’s leadership and decision-making in climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts, resilience-building, and sustainable natural resource management;
  2. Promoting gender-sensitive climate policymaking and financing in partner countries; and
  3. Boosting employment and business opportunities for women in the renewable energy sector.

Canada’s funding commitments for climate have fluctuated in recent years, primarily due to irregularities in the timing of disbursements. A funding spike in 2016 (US$664 million) followed Canada’s pledge made ahead of the Paris Agreement to spend CA$2.7 billion (US$2.0 billion) in climate finance over five years.

ODA Breakdown

Bilateral Spending

Multilateral Spending and Commitments

Canada contributes most of its climate financing through multilaterals.

Funding & Policy Outlook

Canada’s budget for climate finance remained static between its Paris Agreement pledge in 2016 and FY 2020/21. At the June 2021 G7 Summit, Canada announced it will double climate finance allocations from CA$2.7 billion (US$2.0 billion; its Paris Agreement Pledge) to CA$5.3 billion (US$4.0 billion). However, as analysis by the Canadian International Development Platform suggests, the impact of this increase will depend greatly on how effectively Canada spends these additional funds.

The government announced that CA$315 million (US$235 million) of its new pledge will be channeled through an initiative called “Partnering for Climate”. The program will have two funding envelopes: 1) CA$300 million (US$224 million) will go to NGOs in Canada engaging in international climate programming in African countries, including CA$20 million (US$15 million) to advance women’s rights and climate change adaptation and 2) CA$50 million (US$37 million) to support Indigenous peoples and organizations in Canada as a means of advancing climate action alongside Indigenous partners in LICs.

Key Bodies

Zoe Johnson

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