At a glance
Strategic priorities
  • Japan prioritizes self-reliant development, promotion of economic growth, and public-private partnerships (primarily with Japanese companies) in its Development Cooperation Charter. As a result, a majority of Japan’s ODA is channeled through loans, typically of a concessional nature with below-market interest rates and longer repayment periods.
  • Japan’s focus on Asia is expected to continue due to the country’s strong economic, diplomatic, and geographic ties to the region. Japan is strengthening its relationship with Africa, particularly in the areas of governance and infrastructure development.
  • Japan’s priorities for its 2019 G20 presidency included health, infrastructure, climate change, ocean plastic waste, digital economies, and aging societies. Japan’s G20 Aichi-Nagoya Foreign Ministers’ Meeting had three themes: free trade and global governance, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and African development.


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  • Japan was set to host the Summer Olympics and Paralympics in 2020, but the games have been delayed by one year due to the COVID-19 crisis. The government plans to use the Olympic Games to increase awareness of the SDGs and has created the ‘Sport for Tomorrow’ program to advance international cooperation and exchange through sport.
  • Japan is also slated to host the Nutrition for Growth Summit in Tokyo in December 2020. As the event is typically tied to the Olympics, there is uncertainty whether it will proceed on schedule. Nonetheless, Japan has increased its focus on nutrition-related topics for the year leading up to the Summit.