Italy - Agriculture

13 - Italy bi-multi AG ODA

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Agriculture is a key sector of Italy’s multilateral engagement

Italy spent US$299 million on official development assistance (ODA) to agriculture and rural development in 2016 (the latest year for which complete data is available). This corresponds to 6% of its total ODA, which is slightly below the 7% average spent by other members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Development Assistance Committee (DAC).

15 - AG ranking absolute - Italy

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‘Agriculture and food security’, is one of the priority sectors outlined in the Programming Guidelines and Directions for Italian Development Cooperation 2017-2019. The main initiative mentioned within the sector is the Global Donor Platform for Rural Development, which brings together 38 donors, multilateral organizations, and financial institutions to exchange knowledge and programs aimed at promoting rural development, nutrition, and agricultural productivity. The Italian Agency for Development Cooperation (AICS) is a member of the platform’s board and has confirmed a financial contribution but has not specified the amount or timing.

16 - AG ranking relative - Italy

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Italy channels large shares of its ODA to agriculture and rural development through multilateral organizations (US$226 million, or 71% of total ODA in 2016). Italy also supports research and development on agriculture through participation in the Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) partnership. Italy contributed US$3 million to CGIAR between 2011-2016.

Italy maintains close relationships with the Rome-based United Nations (UN) organizations working on agriculture and related issues, however financial contributions have been moderate in recent years. Italy contributed US$486 thousand to the International Fund for Agriculture Development (IFAD) for the period of 2016-2018. Italy also contributed to the efforts of the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and ranked FAO’s eighth largest resource partner for voluntary and assessed contributions and ninth for voluntary contributions, with €186 million (US$219 million) between 2008 and 2017. In July 2018, FAO signed a partnership agreement with the Italian Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (ISPRA) to further activities around agriculture innovation for family farmers, particularly small landowners. Recently, Italy has proposed a ‘Food Coalition’, a project spearheaded by Italy through FAO, to tackle the effects of the COVID-19 crisis on agriculture and nutrition and that gained support of many countries. Lastly, in 2019, Italy provided $26 million to the World Food Programme (WFP).

Overall, Italy’s bilateral ODA to agriculture and rural development stood at US$101 million in 2018 (the latest year for which bilateral data is available). Bilateral cooperation for agriculture and rural development stood at around 4% of Italy’s total 2018 bilateral ODA. Italy’s bilateral support focused on agricultural development (26% in 2018), rural development (26%), followed by agricultural education and training (17%). The largest single amount of bilateral agriculture ODA disbursed by Italy went to Africa (US$12 million) channeled through the International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB) for education activities around biosafety.

DGCS defines strategic priorities on agriculture

Priorities within agriculture are set by the Directorate General for Development Cooperation (DGCS; see Section: ‘Main actors’). DGCS’s geographic departments, as well as the office for ‘Multilateral Cooperation’, are relevant actors for defining Italy’s agriculture policy. Within Italy’s development agency, AICS, the ‘Rural Development and Food’ office is in charge of setting priorities around agriculture.

Rome hosts the main UN agencies tasked with addressing food security, agriculture, and sustainable development issues. FAO, WFP, and IFAD are together referred as the ‘Rome Agri-food hub’. The government has a close relationship with these agencies and Italy’s development cooperation in the sector of agriculture is therefore heavily influenced by the policies of the Rome-Agri-food Hub.