At a glance

Funding trends

Official development assistance (ODA) for agriculture (including rural development) stood at US$10.2 billion in 2018, a 9%-decrease in real terms compared to 2017. 2018 was the first year since 2012 during which funding for agriculture and rural development decreased. Since 2012, agriculture’s share of total development assistance has hovered around 5% to 6%.

Agriculture general - Figure1

Top donors

2016 is the latest year for which full data (including donors’ multilateral contributions to the agricultural sector) is available from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development's (OECD) Development Assistance Committee (DAC). In that year, top donors were the US (US$1.8 billion), Germany (US$1.3 billion), Japan (US$1.1 billion), the UK (US$1.0 billion), and France (US$753 million).

The ranking changes when looking at the share of donors’ total funding going towards agriculture and rural development. In relative terms, the top donors in 2016 were Poland (16% of its ODA goes to agriculture and rural development), New Zealand (10%), Finland (9%), Ireland (9%), and the Netherlands (9%).

Although incomplete, an analysis of bilateral ODA only provides a snapshot of more recent funding trends. When considering only the bilateral portion of donors’ agriculture funding, the top donors in 2018 were the EU Institutions (US$1.5 billion), the United States (US$1.1 billion), Germany (US$893 million), France (US$630 million), and Japan (US$629 million).


Note that to avoid double-counting, EU Institutions are not included as a donor in the ranking of total agriculture ODA.

Agriculture general - Figure 2

Agriculture general - Figure 3

For further details on methodology, see our Donor Tracker Codebook.