Spain - Agriculture
At a glance
Agriculture is a priority of Spanish development policy but remains underfunded, compared to Spanish economic crisis funding levels
According to data from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) Development Assistance Committee (DAC), Spain spent US$224 million on agriculture in 2020 (both multilateral and bilateral). This represented 7% of total ODA in that year (DAC average: 7%), making Spain the tenth-largest donor to agriculture in absolute terms and the ninth-largest in relative terms.
While agriculture has been listed as a priority of Spanish development policy, funding to this sector has not significantly increased since 2016. Agricultural spending in 2020 marks the lowest amount of funding channeled to this sector over the past five years.
In 2020, 28% of Spain's agricultural ODA (US$63 million) was channeled bilaterally. This included US$59 million channeled as bilateral funding and US$4 million channeled as earmarked funding through multilateral channels (counted as bilateral ODA).
Spain’s bilateral funding in this sector focused on agricultural development (29%), food crop production (16%), and rural development (15%)
The majority of Spain’s agricultural ODA (72% or US$161 million) was channeled multilaterally, mainly through the EU institutions (46% of total agricultural ODA), the International Development Association (IDA, 14%), the Green Climate Fund (5%), and the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO; 2%).
A small share of Spain’s ODA (2%, or US$4 million) was channeled as earmarked funding to multilateral channels (reported as bilateral). Voluntary multilateral contributions were cut as a result of austerity measures implemented between 2010 and 2014, but the current Spanish government under Sánchez is determined to resume contributions.
Spain also supports multilateral initiatives that contribute to the agricultural sector. Agriculture has been outlined, among other sectors, as a priority intervention area in the Spanish cooperation strategy to respond to COVID-19. In June 2020, Sánchez announced that Spain will provide €10 million (US$11 million) to the Global Agriculture and Food Security Program (GAFSP) aimed at combating hunger and guaranteeing nutrition standards in partner countries severely affected by COVID-19. In September 2020, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation (MAEC) and its State Secretariat for International Cooperation approved a ‘Framework Co-Funding Agreement’ with the International Fund for Agriculture Development (IFAD). This new agreement, which aims to strengthen the financial collaborations between Spain and IFAD, will serve to foster rural development and fight hunger in low- and middle-income countries. While MAEC has not specified the amount that Spain will provide to this collaboration, it disbursed €300 million (US$342 million) to IFAD between 2010 and 2020.
MAUC’s Rural Development and Food Security Division defines agricultural strategic priorities
Within MAUC’s General Directorate for Sustainable Development Policies (DGPOLDES), the Rural Development and Food Security Division defines strategic priorities. Within Spain’s development agency (the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation or AECID), its Directorate for Multilateral and Sectorial Cooperation and its regional departments (including the Directorates for Africa and Latin America) oversee the programming and implementation of Spain’s bilateral ODA to agriculture. The Ministry of Agriculture, Food Security and Environment (MAGRAMA) and its Climate Change Office support MAUC and AECID on key issues.